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Inbred Strains

INBRED STRAINS OF RATS
Updated 9 Apr. 1998
Michael FW Festing
MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building,
University of Leicester, UK

Abbott R. E. and Schachter D. (1994) Inheritance of salt-dependent hypertension in the inbred Dahl rat. Hypertension 24, 506-511.
SS

Abel E. L., Altman H. J., and Commissaris R. L. (1992) Maudsley Reactive and Nonreactive rats in the forced swim test - comparison in fresh-water and soiled water. Physiol. Behav. 52, 1117-1119.
MNR

Adams M., Baverstock P. R., Watts C. H. S., and Guttman G. A. (1984) Enzyme markers in inbred rat strains: genetics of new markers and strain profiles. Biochem. Genet. 22, 611.
AAW JC

Adams N. and Blizard D. A. (1991) Genetic and maternal influences in rat models of spontaneous and salt-induced hypertension. Developmental Psychobiology 24, 507-519.
SHR SS

Ajisawa C., Ikadai H., and Imamichi T. (1985) Morphological study on the hypoplastic testis with aplasia of the epididymis, ductus deferens, and gland of the ductus deferens in the TW inbred rat. Exp. Animals (Japan) 34, 189-195.
TW

Alam M., Midtvedt T., and Uribe A. (1994) Differential cell-kinetics in the ileum and colon of germ-free rats. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 29, 445-451.
AGUS

Al-Dabbagh S. G., Idle J. R., and Smith R. L. (1981) Animal modelling of human polymorphic drug oxidation- the metabolism of debrisoquine and phenacetin in rat inbred strains. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 33, 161-164.
DA

Allen E. M. (1992) The effect of iodine on lipid-peroxidation and ultrastructure in the thyroids of BB/Wor rats. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 15, 519-523.
BB

Ambrosio E., Goldberg S. R., and Elmer G. I. (1995a) Behavior genetic investigation of the relationship between spontaneous locomotor-activity and the acquisition of morphine self-administration behavior. Behavioural Pharmacology 6, 229-237.

Ambrosio E., Goldberg S. R., and Elmer G. I. (1995b) Behavior genetic investigation of the relationship between spontaneous locomotor-activity and the acquisition of morphine self- administration behavior. Behavioural Pharmacology 6, 229-237.

Amit Z. and Smith B. R. (1992) Differential ethanol intake in Tryon Maze-Bright and Tryon Maze-Dull rats - implications for the validity of the animal-model of selectively bred rats for high ethanol-consumption. Psychopharmacology 108, 136-140.
TMB TMD

Andersen A. E. (1982) Phenylketonuria, supplement update to model no 47, in Handbook of animal models of human disease, fascicle 11 (Capen C. C., Hackel D. B., Jones T. C., and Migaki G., eds) Registry of Comparaitve pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC.

Andersen A. and Guroff G. (1974) Phenylketonuria. Comp. Pathol. Bull. 6, 1-2.
F344

Anderson A. E. (1982) Phenylketonuria, supplemental update to model not 47, in Handbook: Animal Models of Human Disease, Fascicle 11 ed. (Capen C. C., Hackel D. B., Jones T. C., and Migaki G., eds) Registry of Comparitive Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC.
F344

Andolu J., Takahashi M., Imai S., Ishihara R., Kitamura T., Iijima T., Takano S., Nishiyama K., Suzuki K., and Maekawa A. (1994) High-yield induction of uterine endometrial adenocarcinomas in DONRYU rats by a single intrauterine administration of n-ethyl-n'-nitro-n- nitrosoguanidine via the vagina. Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 85, 789-793.
DONRYU

Armerding D., Katz D. H., and Benacerraf B. (1974a) Immune response genes in inbred rats. I. Analysis of responder status to synthetic polypeptides and low doses of bovine serum albumin. Immunogenet. 1, 329-339.
A28807

Armerding D., Katz D. H., and Benacerraf B. (1974b) Immune response genes in inbred rats. II. Segregation studies of the GT and GA genes and their linkage to the major histocompatibility complex. Immunogenet. 1, 340-351.

Armstrong J. M., Blackwell G. J., Flower R. J., McGiff J. C., Mullane K. M., and Vane J. R. (1976) Genetic hypertension in rats is accompanied by a defect in renal prostaglandin catabolism. Nature 260, 582-586.

Atkinson E. G., Edelsten C., Kasp E., and Dumonde D. C. (1992) Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis in the RCS rat - the influence of photoreceptor degeneration on disease expression. Brit. J. Ophthalmol. 76, 553-559.
RCS

Aubry J. M., Bartanusz V., Driscoll P., Schulz P., Steimer T., and Kiss J. Z. (1995) Corticotropin-releasing factor and vasopressin messenger-RNA levels in Roman High-Avoidance and Low-Avoidance rats - response to open- field exposure. Neuroendocrinology 61, 89-97.
RHA

Aulakh C. S., Hill J. L., and Murphy D. L. (1993) Attenuation of hypercortisolemia in Fawn-Hooded rats by antidepressant drugs. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 240, 85-88.

Aulakh C. S., Hill J. L., and Murphy D. L. (1994a) Lithium treatment restores clonidines effect in an animal-model of depression. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 47, 985-987.

Aulakh C. S., Tolliver T., Wozniak K. M., Hill J. L., and Murphy D. L. (1994b) Functional and biochemical-evidence for altered serotonergic function in the Fawn-Hooded rat strain. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 49, 615-620.
FH

Ayachi S (1979) Increased dietary calcium lowers blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Metabolism 28, 1234-1238.

Azuma Y., Ito N., Shinohara M., and Mori M. (1978) Experimental gingivitis in ODU plaque-susceptible rats. II. Biochemical nature of the rat plaque. J. Periodontol. 49, 60-63.
ODU

Azuma Y., Shinohara M., Ito N., and Mori M. (1979) Experimental gingivitis in ODU plaque-susceptible rats. III. Toxic activity of the rat dental plaque. J. Periodontol. 50, 416-418.
ODU


Badalamenti J., Shea M., Cybulsky A. V., Quigg R. J., and Salant D. J. (1987) Heymann nephritis (HN) antigen in Lewis (LEW) and Brown Norway (BN) rats. Fed. Proc. 46, 1327.
BN

Badishtov B. A., Overstreet D. H., Kashevskaya O. P., Viglinskaya I. V., Kampovpolevoy A. B., Seredenin S. B., and Halikas J. A. (1995) To drink or not to drink - open-field behavior in alcohol-preferring and alcohol-nonpreferring rat strains. Physiol. Behav. 57, 585-589.
FH

Bailey D. W. (1971) Recombinant inbred strains, an aid to finding identity, linkage, and function of histocompatibility and other genes. Transplant. 11, 325-327.
BDI

Bakhle Y. S. and Bell C. (1994) Increased numbers of substance P-containing sensory neurons in a rat strain with a genetic neurotrophic defect. Neuropeptides 27, 169-174.
GH

Barber B. R., Ferrari P., and Bianchi G. (1994) The Milan hypertensive strain: a description of the model, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 16 Experimental and Genetic Models of Hypertension (Ganten D. and de Jong W., eds), pp. 316-345. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
MHS

Barthold S. W., Moody K. D., Terwilliger G. A., Jacoby R. O., and Steere A. C. (1988) An animal model for Lyme arthritis. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 539, 264-273.
LEW

Bataillard A., Sacquet J., Julien C., Vincent M., Gomezsanchez C., Touraine J. L., and Sassard J. (1993) Do thymic-neuroendocrine interactions play a role in the antihypertensive effect of neonatal thymectomy in Lyon Hypertensive Rats. AJH 6, 407-412.
LH

Baum A., Pohlmeyer G., Rapp K. G., and Deerberg F. (1995) Lewis rats of the inbred strain LEW/Han - life expectancy, spectrum and incidence of spontaneous neoplasms. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 47, 11-18.
LEW

Bazin H. (1974) Tumeurs secretant des immunoglobulines chez le rat LOU/Wsl. Etude portant sur 200 immunocytomes. Ann. Immunol. (Paris) 125C, 277-279.
LOU

Bazin H. (1977) Inbred strains. Rat News Lett. 1, 27.
LOU OKA

Bazin H. and Platteau B. (1976) Production of circulating reaginic (IgE) antibodies by oral administration of ovalbumin to rats. Immunol. 30, 679-683.
LOU

Bazin H., Deckers C., Beckers A., and Heremans J. F. (1972) Transplantable immunoglobulin-secreting tumours in rats. I. General features of LOU/Wsl strain rat immunocytomas and their monoclonal proteins. Int. J. Cancer 10, 568-580.
LOU

Bazin H., Beckers A., Deckers C., and Moriame M. (1973) Transplantable immunoglobulin-secreting tumors in rats. V. Monoclonal immunoglobulins secreted by 250 ileocecal immunocytomas in LOU/Wsl rats. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 51, 1359-1361.
LOU

Bazin H., Beckers A., and Querinjean P. (1974a) Three classes and four (sub)classes of rat immunoglobulins: IgM. IgA, IgE and IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG2c. Eur. J. Immunol. 4, 44-48.
LOU

Bazin H., Querinjean P., Beckers A., Heremans J. F., and Dessy F. (1974b) Transplantable immunoglobulin-secreting tumours in Rats. IV. Sixty-three IgE-secreting immunocytoma tumours. Immunol. 26, 713-723.

Beckers A. and Bazin H. (1978) Incidence of spontaneous ileocecal immunocytomas in hybrids of LOU/C rats and rat strains with low spontaneous tumor incidence: Brief communication. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 60, 1505-1508.
LOU

Beder K., Nagel M., Muller C. R., and Gunther E. (1979) Electrophoretic protein variants in inbred strains of Rattus norvegicus: strain distribution, description of a new esterase polymorphism and linkage studies. Transplant. Proc. 11, 1653-1656.

Bell R. G. (1992) Variation in responsiveness to Trichinella-spiralis infection in inbred rat strains. Parasitology 105, 125-130.
BI BUF WKA YO

Belledonne M., Preuss J. M., and Preuss H. G. (1979) Acid excretion in young and adult Wistar Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Experientia 35, 1594-1595.
WKY

Bellhorn R. W., Rheinhardt J. M., Burns M. S., and Matthes M. T. (1987) Retinal degeneration in the WKY rat. Degenerative Retinal Disorders: Clin. and Laboratory Invests. 317-331. Liss, Inc, Alan R.
WKY

Bender K., Ceve H., and Gunther E. (1981) A previously described serum protein polymorphism in the rat identified as Gc ('vitamin D-binding protein'). Anim. Blood Gps. Biochem. Genet. 12, 31-36.

Bender K., Adams M., Baverstock P. R., et al. (1984a) Biochemical markers in inbred strains of the rat Rattus norvegicus. Immunogenet. 19, 257-266.

Bender K., Adams M., Baverstock P. R., den Bieman M., Bissbort S., Brdicka R., Butcher G. W., Cramer D. V., von Deimling O., Festing M. F. W., Gunther E., Guttmanm R. D., Hedrich H. J., Kendall P. B., Kluge R., Moutier R., Simon B., Womack J. E., Yamada J., and van Zutphen B. (1984b) Biochemical markers in inbred strains of the rat (Rattus norvegicus). Immunogenet. 19, 257-266.

Bender K., Gunther E., et al. (1984c) Characterisation of rat inbred strains: report of a joint program and details on six additional polymorphic markers. Rat News Lett. 13, 10-18.

Bender K., Balogh P., Bertrand M. F., den Bieman M., von Deimling O., Eghtessadi S., Gutman G. A., Hedrich H. J., Hunt S. V., Kluge R., Matsumoto K., Moralejo D. H., Nagel N., Portal A., Prokop C.-M., Siebert R. T., and van Zutphen L. F. M. (1994) Genetic characterization of inbred strains of the rat (Rattus norvegicus). J. Exp. Anim. Sci. 36, 151-165.
WOKA

Ben-Ishay B. (1984) The Sabra hypertension-prone and -resistant strains, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 4. Experimental and genetic models of hypertension (de Jong W., ed), pp. 296-313. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
SBH SBN

Ben-Ishay D. and Yagil Y. (1994) The Sabra hypertension-prone and -resistant strains, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 16 Experimental and Genetic Models of Hypertension (Ganten D. and de Jong W., eds), pp. 272-299. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
SBH

Ben-Ishay D., Zamir N., Feuerstein G., Kobrin I., Le Quan-Bui K. H., and Devynck M. A. (1981) Distinguishing traits in the Sabra hypertension-prone (SBH) and hypertension-resistant (SBN) rats. Clin. Exp. Hyperten. 3, 737-747.
SBH

Berdanier C. D., Pan J. S., Hartle D. K., and Michaelis O. E. (1993) Glucose-turnover in lean and obese rats of the SHE/N-cp and LA/N-cp strains. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 106, 87-94.
LA SHR

Bertok L. (1980) "KIRBY-B" a new inbred rat. Rat News Lett. 8, 22a.
KIRBY

Bianchi G., Fox U., and Imbasciati E. (1974) Development of a new strain of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Life Sci. 14, 339-347.
MHS MNS

Bianchi G., Ferrari P., and Barber B. R. (1984) The Milan hypertensive strain, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 4. Experimental and genetic models of hypertension (de Jong W., ed), pp. 328-349. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
MHS MNS

Bianchi G., Tripodi G., Casari G., Salardi S., Barber B. R., Garcia R., Leoni P., Torielli L., Cusi D., Ferrandi M., Pinna L. A., Baralle F. E., and Ferrari P. (1994) 2 point mutations within the adducin genes are involved in blood- pressure variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91, 3999-4003.
MHS

Biesecker G. and Koffler D. (1988) Resistance to experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis in genetically inbred rats. J. Immunol. 140, 3406-3410.
COP F344 LEW MW WF

Bignami G. (1965) Selection for high rates and low rates of avoidance conditioning in the rat. Anim. Behav. 13, 221-227.
RHA RLA

Bihoreau M.-T., Ceccherini I., Browne J., Kranzlin B., Romeo G., Lathrop G. M., James M. R., and Gretz N. (1997) Location of the first genetic locus, PKDr1, controlling autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Han:SPRD cy/+rat. Hum. Mol. Genet. 6, 609-613.
PKD

Billingham R. E. and Silvers W. K. (1959) Inbred animals and tissue transplantation immunity. Transplant. Bull. 6, 399-406.
BN F344

Blankenhorn E. P., Stranford S. A., Martin A. M., and Hickey W. F. (1995) Cloning of myelin basic protein-reactive T-cells from the experimental allergic encephalomyelitis-resistant rat strain, LER. J. Neuroimmunol. 59, 173-183.
LER

Blankert J. J., Muizert Y., van Es L. A., and Paul L. C. (1987) Cellular requirements for the induction of a humoral immune response to the endothelial alloantigen Eag-1. Transplant. Proc. 19, 3151-3152.
MAXX

Blizard D. A. and Adams N. (1992) Maternal influences on cardiovascular pathophysiology. Experientia 48, 334-345.
SS

Blizard D. A., Peterson W. N., and Adams N. (1991) Dietary salt and accelerated hypertension - lack of subline differentiation in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat stocks from the United-States. J. Hypertens. 9, 1169-1175.
SHR

Blottiere H. M., Menoret A., Burg C., Douillard J. Y., and Lependu J. (1992a) Identification and characterization of a rat protein (p-105) auto-antigenic in rats bearing a progressive syngeneic colon-carcinoma. Int. J. Cancer 50, 315-320.
BDIX

Blottiere H. M., Menoret A., Burg C., Douillard J. Y., Meflah K., and Lependu J. (1992b) Characterization of an autoantigen (p105) in a rat colon-carcinoma model. Bulletin Du Cancer 79, 47-53.

Boorman G. A. and Hollander C. F. (1973) Spontaneous lesions in the female WAG/Rij (Wistar) rat. J. Gerontol. 28, 152-159.
BN WAG

Boorman G. A. and Hollander C. F. (1974) High incidence of spontaneous urinary bladder and ureter tumors in the brown Norway rat. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 52, 1005-1008.
BN

Boorman G. A., van Noord M. J., and Hollander C. F. (1972) Naturally occurring medullary thyroid carcinoma in the rat. Arch. Pathol. 94, 35-41.
WAG

Boorman G. A., Zurcher C., Hollander C. F., and Feron V. J. (1973) Naturally occurring endocardial disease in the rat. Arch. Pathol. 96, 39-45.
BN WAG

Boorman G. A., Eustis S. L., Elwell M. R., Montgomery J. C. A., and MacKenzie W. F. (1990) Pathology of the Fischer rat. Academic Press, Inc, San Diego.
F344

Borodin P. M. (1977) Strains. Rat News Lett. 1, 49.
MSUBL

Bosland M. C., Prinsen M. K., Rivenson A., Silverman J., Fiala E., Williams G. M., Kroes R., and Weisburger J. H. (1992a) Induction of proliferative lesions of ventral prostate, seminal- vesicle, and other accessory sex glands in rats by N-methyl-N- nitrosourea - effect of castration, pretreatment with cyproterone- acetate and testosterone propionate, and rat strain. Prostate 20, 339-353.
F344

Bosland M. C., Prinsen M. K., Rivenson A., and Weisburger J. H. (1992b) Induction of skin and thyroid-tumors in male-rats by normal-methyl- normal-nitrosourea after sequential treatment with cyproterone- acetate and testosterone propionate - effects of castration, rat strain and time of carcinogen injection. Carcinogenesis 13, 669-674.
F344

Braden A. W. H. (1958) Strain differences in the incidence of polyspermia in rats after delayed mating. Fert. Steril. 9, 243-246.
PVG WAG

Brdicka R. (1984) Urinary proteins: interstrain differences in the laboratory rat. Anim. Blood Gps. Biochem. Genet. 15, 79-83.

Breslin P. A. S., Spector A. C., and Grill H. J. (1995) Sodium specificity of salt appetite in Fischer-344 and Wistar rats is impaired by chorda tympani nerve transection. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 38, R350-R356.
F344

Brewster D. J. (1968) Genetic analysis of ethanol preference in rats selected for emotional reactivity. J. Hered. 59, 283-286.
MR

Broadhurst P. L. (1975) The Maudsley reactive and non-reactive strains of rats: a survey. Behav. Genet. 5, 299-319.
MNR MR

Brown D. M., Provoost A. P., Daly M. J., Lander E. S., and Jacob H. J. (1996) Renal disease susceptibility and hypertension are under independent genetic control in the fawn-hooded rat. Nature Genet. 12, 44-51.
FHH FHL

Buchanan T. A., Fisler J. S., Underberger S., Sipos G. F., and Bray G. A. (1992) Whole-body insulin sensitivity in Osborne-Mendel and S5B/Pl rats eating a low-fat or high-fat diet. Am. J. Physiol. 263, R785-R789.
OM S5B

Buckley P., Hulse E. V., and Keep B. M. (1980) An inbred strain of rats with a high incidence of squamous-cell carcinomas of the mouth. Brit. J. Cancer 41, 295-301.
HMT

Buda M., Lachuer J., Devauges V., Barbagli B., Blizard D., and Sara S. J. (1994) Central noradrenergic reactivity to stress in Maudsley rat strains. Neurosci. Let. 167, 33-36.
MNR

Burek J. D. (1978) Pathology of aging rats. CRC Press, West Palm Beach, Florida.
WAG

Burek J. D. and Hollander C. F. (1975a) Studies of spontaneous lesions in aging BN/Bi rats. I. Neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions, in Annual Report, Organization for Health Research, pp. 235-237. TNO, Rijswijk.
BN

Burek J. D. and Hollander C. F. (1975b) Studies of spontaneous lesions in aging BN/Bi rats. II. Age associated incidence of tumors and tumor metastases, in Annual Report, Organization for Health Research, pp. 238-241. TNO, Rijswijk.
BN

Burek J. D. and Hollander C. F. (1977) Incidence patterns of spontaneous tumors in BN/Bi rats. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58, 99-105.
BN

Burek J. D., Zurcher C., and Hollander C. F. (1975) Spontaneous cervical and vaginal tumors in the females BN/Bi rat, in Annual Report, Organization for Health Research, pp. 248-249. TNO, Rijswijk.

Burek J. D., Zurcher C., and Hollander C. F. (1976) High incidence of spontaneous cervical and vaginal tumors in an inbred strain of Brown Norway rats (BN/Bi). J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 57, 549-554.
BN

Burnet P. W. J., Michelson D., Smith M. A., Gold P. W., and Sternberg E. M. (1994) The effect of chronic imipramine administration on the densities of 5-HT1a and 5-HT2 receptors and the abundancies of 5-HT receptor and transporter messenger-RNA in the cortex, hippocampus and dorsal raphe of 3 strains of rat. Brain Res. 638, 311-324.
F344 LEW

Burtonboy G., Beckers A., Rodhain J., Bazin H., and Lamy M. E. (1978) Rat ileocecal immunocytoma. An ultrastructural study with special attention to the presence of viral particles. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 61, 477-484.
LOU

Buttemeyer R., Rao U., and Jones N. F. (1995) Peripheral-nerve allograft transplantation with FK506 - functional, histological, and immunological results before and after discontinuation of immunosuppression. Annals of Plastic Surgery 35, 396-401.
ACI

Byrnes A. P., Rusby J. E., Wood M. J. A., and Charlton H. M. (1995) Adenovirus gene-transfer causes inflammation in the brain. Neuroscience 66, 1015-1024.
PVG


Calcagnetti D. J. and Schechter M. D. (1994) Deficits in shock-induced freezing and naltrexone enhancement of freezing in Fawn-Hooded rats. Brain Res. Bull. 35, 37-40.

Calderari S. A., Gonzalez A. C., and Gayol M. del C. (1987) Spontaneous hypertriglyceridemic obesity and hyperglycemia in an inbred line of rats. Int. J. Obesity 11, 571-579.
IIM

Cameron T. P., Lattuada C. P., Kornreich M. R., and Tarone R. E. (1982) Longevity and reproductive comparisons for male ACI and Sprague-Dawley rat aging colonies. Lab. Animal Sci. 32, 495-499.
F344

Cameron T. P., Hickman R. L., Kornreich M. R., and Tarone R. E. (1985) History, survival, and growth patterns of B6C3F1 mice and F344 rats in the National Cancer Institute carcinogenesis testing program. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 5, 526-538.
F344

Campbell D. J., Duncan A. M., Kladis A., and Harrap S. B. (1995) Angiotensin peptides in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive donryu rats. Hypertension 25, 928-934.

Carthew P., Rich K. J., Martin E. A., De Matteis F., Lim C.-K., Manson M. M., Festing M. F. W., White I. N. H., and Smith L. L. (1995) DNA damage as assessed by 32P-postlabelling in three rat strains exposed to dietary tamoxifen: the relationship between cell proliferation and liver tumour formation. Carcinogenesis 16, 1299-1304.
F344

Castanon N. and Mormede P. (1994) Psychobiogenetics - adapted tools for the study of the coupling between behavioral and neuroendocrine traits of emotional reactivity. Psychoneuroendocrinology 19, 257-282.
RHA

Castanon N., Dulluc J., Lemoal M., and Mormede P. (1992) Prolactin as a link between behavioral and immune differences between the Roman rat lines. Physiol. Behav. 51, 1235-1241.
RHA

Castanon N., Dulluc J., Lemoal M., and Mormede P. (1994) Maturation of the behavioral and neuroendocrine differences between the Roman rat lines. Physiol. Behav. 55, 775-782.
RHA

Castanon N., Perezdiaz F., and Mormede P. (1995) Genetic-analysis of the relationships between behavioral and neuroendocrine traits in Roman High-Avoidance and Low-Avoidance rat lines. Behav. Genet. 25, 371-384.
RHA

Ceccatelli S., Fahrenkrug J., Eneroth P., and Hokfelt T. (1992) Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide peptide histidine isoleucine- immunoreactive neuron systems in the basal hypothalamus of a rat strain with deficient prolactin-release in response to stress. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 4, 51-58.
BS

Chang L. T., Kras K., Suzuki K., Strasburg G., Rodgers C. D., and Schemmel R. A. (1995) Voluntary running in male S5B/Pl rats fed high-fat or high- carbohydrate diets. Physiol. Behav. 57, 501-508.
S5B

Chanh P. H., Kaiser R., Lassierre B., Navarro-Delmasure C., and Moutier R. (1988) Creation of a strain of genetically obese-hypertensive rats. Int. J. Obesity 12, 141-147.
SHR

Chaouloff F., Castanon N., and Mormede P. (1994) Paradoxical differences in animal-models of anxiety among the Roman rat lines. Neurosci. Let. 182, 217-221.
RHA

Chappel C. I. and Chappel W. R. (1983) The discovery and development of the BB rat colony: An animal model of spontaneous diabetes mellitus. Metabolism 32, S8-S10.
BB

Charnay Y., Steimer T., Huguenin C., and Driscoll P. (1995) [H-3] paroxetine binding-sites - brain regional differences between 2 psychogenetically selected lines of rats. Neurosci. Res. Commun. 16, 29-35.
RHA

Chatterajee B., Demyan W. F., Song C. S., Garg B. D., and Roy A. K. (1989) Loss of androgenic induction of 2u-globulin gene family in the liver of NIH black rats. Endocrinol. 125, 1385-1388.

Chen X. H., Han J. S., and Huang L. T. (1994) Cck receptor antagonist L-365,260 potentiated electroacupuncture analgesia in Wistar rats but not in audiogenic epileptic rats. Chinese Medical Journal 107, 113-118.
P77PMC

Chisholm P. M., Smith M. E., Sparshott S. M., and Ford W. L. (1977) A comparison of immune responses against Ag-B and non Ag-B antigens, presented alone or together. Transplant. 23, 470-478.

Chowdhury N. R., Gross F., Moscioni A. D., Kram M., Arias I. M., and Chowdhury J. R. (1987) Isolation of multiple normal and functionally defective forms of uridine diphosphate-glucoronyltransferase from inbred Gunn rats. J. Clin. Invest. 79, 327-334.
RHA

Cicila G. T., Rapp J. P., Bloch K. D., Kurtz T. W., Pravenec M., Kren V., Hong C. C., Quertermous T., and Ng S. C. (1994) Cosegregation of the endothelin-3 locus with blood-pressure and relative heart-weight in inbred Dahl rats. J. Hypertens. 12, 643-651.
SS

Clark C. J., Milligan G., and Connell J. M. C. (1993) Guanine-nucleotide regulatory protein alterations in the Milan Hypertensive rat strain. J. Hypertens. 11, 1161-1169.
MHS

Clark C. J., Milligan G., and Connell J. M. C. (1994) Guanine-nucleotide regulatory protein alterations in young Milan Hypertensive strain rats. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Basis of Disease 1225, 149-157.
MHS

Clark R. L., Cuttino J. T., Anderle S. R., Cromartie W. J., and Schwab J. H. (1979) Radiologic analysis of arthritis in rats after systemic injection of streptococcal cell walls. Arthritis Rheum. 22, 25-35.
LEW

Cockrell B. Y. and Garner F. M. (1976) Interstitial cell tumor. Comp. Pathol. Bull. 8, 2-3.
F344

Coenen A. M. L. and Van Luijtelaar E. L. J. M. (1987) The WAG/Rig rat model for absence epilepsy: age and sex factors. Epilepsy Res. 1, 297-301.
WAG

Coenen A. M. L., Drinkenberg W. H. I. M., Inoue M., and Van Luijtelaar E. L. J. M. (1992) Genetic models of absence epilepsy, with emphasis on the WAG/Rij strain of rats. Epilepsy Res. 12, 75-86.
WAG

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BB

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NEDH

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MNS


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BDIX

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UChA


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DA

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MWF

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MNR TMB TMD WAG

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MSUBL

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BN

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ACI

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FH

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TMB TMD


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F344

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WKHA

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MW

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LEC

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LEC

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DONRYU

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BC

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BDII DA

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ACI

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ACI

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ACI BN

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OM

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OM

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Waxman F. J., Perryman L. E., Hinrichs D. J., and Coe J. E. (1981) Genetic resistance to the induction of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in Lewis rats. I. Genetic analysis of an apparent mutant strain with phenotypic resistance to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. J. Exp. Med. 153, 61-74.
LER LEW

Werner S. C., Manger W. M., Radichevich I., Wolff M., and von E. I. (1975) Excessive thyrotropin concentrations in the circulation of the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 148, 1013-1017.
SHR

Whalen B. J., Rossini A. A., Mordes J. P., and Greiner D. L. (1995) DR-BE rat thymus contains thymocyte populations predisposed to autoreactivity. Diabetes 44, 963-967.
BB

Whatley S. A., Perrett C. W., Zamani R., and Gray J. A. (1992) Analysis of relative messenger-RNA levels and protein-patterns in brains of rat strains bred for differing levels of emotionality. Behav. Genet. 22, 403-413.
MR

White S. C. and Casarett G. W. (1974) Induction of experimental autoallergic sialadenitis. J. Immunol. 112, 178-185.

Wiggert B., Bergsma D. R., Helmsen R., and Chader G. J. (1978) Vitamin A receptors: Retinoic acid binding in ocular tissues. Biochem. J. 169, 87-94.
RCS

Wilder R. L., Calandra G. B., Garvin A. J., Wright K. D., and Hansen C. T. (1982) Strain and sex variation in the susceptibility to streptococcal cell wall-induced polyarthritis in the rat. Arthritis Rheum. 25, 1064-1072.
LEW

Wilder R. L., Allen J. B., Wahl L. M., Calandra G. B., and Wahl S. M. (1983) The pathogenesis of group A streptococcal cell wall-induced polyarthritis in the rat: Comparative studies in arthritis resistant and susceptible inbred rat strains. Arthritis Rheum. 26, 1442-1451.

Wilder R. L., Allen J. B., and Hansen C. (1987) Thymus-dependent and -independent regulation of Ia antigen expression in situ by cells in the synovium of rats with streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis. Differences in site and intensity of expression in euthymic, athymic, and cyclosporin A-treated LEW and F344 rats. J. Clin. Invest. 79, 1160-1171.

Willenborg D. O. (1979) Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the Lewis rat: Studies on the mechanism of recovery from disease and acquired resistance to reinduction. J. Immunol. 123, 1145-1150.
LEW

Williams R. M., Moore M. J., and Benacerraf B. (1973) Genetic control of thymus-derived cell function. III. DNA synthetic responses of rat lymph node cells stimulated in culture with concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin. J. Immunol. 111, 1571-1578.
BN LEW

Willig F., Vandevelde D., Laurent J., Mharzi M., and Delacour J. (1992) The Roman strains of rats as a psychogenetic tool for pharmacological investigation of working memory - example with RU-41656. Psychopharmacology 107, 415-424.
RHA

Wilson D. D. (1965) Quantitative studies on the behavior of sensitized lymphocytes in vitro. J. Exp. Med. 122, 143-166.
DA

Wirth P. J., Fujimoto Y., Takahashi H., Mori M., Yoshida M. C., Sugimura T., and Nagao M. (1990) Two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis of hepatitis-associated polypeptides in liver of LEC rats developing spontaneous hepatitis. Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 81, 477-482.
LEC

Witkin J. M. and Goldberg S. R. (1992) Effects of D-amphetamine, Win-35,428, pentobarbital and morphine on schedule-controlled responding in 2 inbred rat strains that differ in locomotor stimulatory effects of cocaine. Behavioural Pharmacology 3, 455-463.
F344 NBR

Wodzig K. W. H., Majoor G. D., and Vriesman P. J. C. V. (1993) Susceptibility and resistance to cyclosporine-A-induced autoimmunity in rats. Autoimmunity 16, 29-37.
BN LEW

Wolkowski-Tyl R., Chin T. Y., Popp J. A., and Heck H. d'A. (1982) Urolithiasis. Am. J. Pathol. 107, 419-421.

Wonigeit K. (1979) Characterization of the RT-Ly-1 and RT-Ly-2 alloantigenic systems by congenic rat strains. Transplant. Proc. 11, 1631-1635.
BH

Wonigeit K., Hedrich H. J., and Günther E. (1979) Serologic and histogenetic analysis of apparently identical RT1 haplotypes. Transplant. Proc. 11, 1584-1587.
BH

Wright A. W., Klinck G. H. Jr., and Wolfe J. M. (1940) The pathology and pathogenesis of mammary tumors occurring spontaneously in the Albany strain of rats. Am. J. Pathol. 16, 817-834.
ALB

Wright J. R., Yates A. J., Sharman H. M., and Thibert P. (1981) Spontaneous gastric erosions and ulcerations in BB Wistar rats. Lab. Animal Sci. 31, 63-66.
BB

Wu X. R. and Lin P. X. (1992) Effects of cholecystokinin octapeptide on genetically-determined seizure susceptibility. Chinese Medical Journal 105, 110-115.
P77PMC


Yagihashi S., Wada R., Kamijo M., and Nagai K. (1993) Peripheral neuropathy in the WBN/Kob rat with chronic-pancreatitis and spontaneous diabetes. Lab. Invest. 68, 296-307.
WBN

Yagil Y., Lindpaintner K., Rubattu S., Ganten D., and Yagil C. (1995) The SBH/Y and SBN/Y rats are free of genetic contamination and express a high-degree of inter-strain genetic-polymorphism. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 6, 635.
SBH

Yamada H., Oi S., Tamaki N., Matsumoto S., and Sudo K. (1992) Histological-changes in the midbrain around the aqueduct in congenital hydrocephalic rat LEW/Jms. Childs Nervous System 8, 394-398.
LEW

Yamada J. and Nakajima N. (1976) Establishment of two rat strains for testing coat color genes. Exp. Animals (Japan) 25, 307-308.
ABH

Yamada J., Nikaido H., Moritake S., and Maekawa R. (1982) Genetic analysis of the vertebral anomalies of the IS strain of rat and the development of a BN congenic line with the anomalies. Lab. Anim. 16, 40-47.
IS

Yamada J., Mori M., Hamada S., Serikawa T., and Yamada J. (1989) Assignment of tremulous body mutant gene zitter (zi) to linkage group IV of the rat (Rattus norvegicus). J. Hered. 80, 383-386.
ZI

Yamada S., Masuko K., Ito M., and Nagayo T. (1973) Spontaneous thymoma in Buffalo rats. Gann 64, 287-291.

Yamada T., Moralejo D., Agui T., and Matsumoto K. (1993) Biochemical polymorphisms in Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) inbred strain of rat. J. Vet. Med. Sci. 55, 491-492.
LEC

Yamada T., Muramatsu Y., Miwa Y., Kim J. K., Cai Y. Q., Wei K. C., and Matsumoto K. (1995) A mutant strain (LEC) of rat with low degree of zinc-induced hepatic metallothionein gene-expression. Life Sciences 57, 1515-1524.

Yamamoto F., Kasai H., Togashi Y., Takeichi N., Hori T., and Nishimura S. (1993) Elevated level of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine in DNA of liver, kidneys, and brain of Long-Evans Cinnamon rats. Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 84, 508-511.
LEC

Yamori Y. (1984) Development of the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) and of various spontaneous rat models, and their implications, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 4. Experimental and genetic models of hypertension (de Jong W., ed), pp. 224-239. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
SHR SHRSP

Yamori Y. (1994) Development of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), the stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) and their various substrain models for hypertension-related carciovascular disease, in Handbook of Hypertension Vol. 16 Experimental and Genetic Models of Hypertension (Ganten D. and de Jong W., eds), pp. 346-364. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.
SHR

Yamori Y., Horie R., Ohtaka M., Nara Y., and Ikeda H. (1978) Genetic and environmental modification of spontaneous hypertension. Jpn. Circ. J. 42, 1151-1159.

Yamori Y., Nara Y., Tsubouchi T., Sogawa Y., Ikeda K., and Horie R. (1986) Dietary prevention of stroke and its mechanism in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats--Preventive effect of dietary fibre and palmitoleic acid. J. Hypertens. 4, S449-S452.

Yanagiya A., Terasaki P. I., Iwaki Y., Ho B. B., Drinkwater D. C., and Laks H. (1992) Prolongation of 2nd heart-transplants in rats. Transplant. 54, 690-694.

Yang R., Lin Q., Rescorla F. J., and Grosfeld J. L. (1995) Experimental liver-cancer - improved response after hepatic-artery ligation and infusion of tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha and interferon-gamma. Surgery 118, 768-774.
ACI

Yen T. T., Roeder H., and Willard P. W. (1974) A genetic study of hypertension in Okamoto-Aoki spontaneously hypertensive rats. Heredity 33, 309-316.
SHR

York J. L. and Chan A. W. K. (1994) Absence of acute tolerance to ethanol hypnosis in F344 and BN/BiRij rats. Alcohol 11, 31-34.
BN F344

Yosida T. H. (1980) Stidies on the karyotype differentiation of the Norway rat. IV. Segregation and fertility of the Norway rats with inversion pair no. 1. Jpn. J. Genet. 55, 397-403.
LEM LEO LET

Yosida T., Hamada T., Wada M. Y., and Ikadai H. (1985) Studies on the karyotype differentiation of the Norway rat XVII. Proc. Japan. Acad. Sci. 61(B), 245-248.
F6R

Young J. B., Mullen D., and Landsberg L. (1978) Caloric restriction lowers blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Metabolism 27, 1711-1714.
SHR

Yu B. P., Masoro E. J., Murata I., Bertrand H. A., and Lynd F. T. (1982) Life span study of SPF Fischer 344 male rats fed ad libitum or restricted diets: Longevity, growth, lean body mass and disease. J. Gerontol. 37, 130-141.
F344

Yu B. P., Masoro E. J., and McMahan C. A. (1985) Nutritional influences on aging of Fischer 344 rats: I. Physical, metabolic and longevity characteristics. J. Gerontol. 40, 657-670.
F344


Zeiss I. M. (1966) Demonstration of isohistogenicity in groups of rats from partially inbred strains. Transplant. 4, 506-509.
BS HS

Zhang L. X., Wu M., and Han J. S. (1992) Suppression of audiogenic epileptic seizures by intracerebral injection of a CCK gene vector. Neuroreport 3, 700-702.
P77PMC

Zhang L. X., Zhou Y., Du Y., and Han J. S. (1993) Effect of CCK-8 on audiogenic epileptic seizure in P77PMC rats. Neuropeptides 25, 73-76.
P77PMC

Zhao D., Wu X., Pei Y., and Zuo Q. (1985) Long-term effects of febrile convulsions on seizure susceptibility in P77PMC rat-resistant to acoustic stimuli but susceptible to kainate-induced seizures. Exp. Neurol. 88, 688-695.
P77PMC

Zieverink W. D. and Moloney W. C. (1965) Use of the Y chromosome in the Wistar/Furth rat as a cellular marker. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 119, 370-373.
WF


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