of Rats: PKD
Origin: Outbred Han:SPRD-cy/+ Sprague-Dawley rats from the Zentralinstitut
fur Versuchstierkunde, Hannover, Germany to Dr. Bettina Kranzlin, Mannheim,
Germany. Brother x sister inbreeding started in 1991.
Develops polycystic kidney disease (Kaspareit-Rittinghausen et al, 1990
) with cystic transformation
of renal tubules as well as severe intersticial fibrosis (alterations
of extracellular matrix) and inflammation (Gretz
et al, 1996
) due to an dominant gene designated PKDr1 on chromosome
5 (Bihoreau et al, 1997
rats have a moderate progression of the disease, while homozygotes have
a rapid progression and die by about 3-4 weeks of age. There is uremia,
protinuria, hyperlipidemia and hypertension in males older than 10 months.
Clinical signs are seen in males at about 8 months, with death at 14-17
months and in females clinical signs are seen at 12 months and death is
usually after 17 months of age. Liver and pancreatic cysts are common
in females over 17 months of age (Kranzlin
et al, 1997
Origin: Reserved symbol for strain in development now at F6 (NIH 1989).
M.-T., Ceccherini I., Browne J., Kranzlin B., Romeo G., Lathrop G. M.,
James M. R., and Gretz N. (1997) Location of the first genetic locus,
PKDr1, controlling autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in Han:SPRD
cy/+rat. Hum. Mol. Genet. 6, 609-613.
Kranzlin B., Pey R., Schieren G., Bach J., Obermuller N., Ceccherini I.,
Kloting I., Rohmeiss P., Bachmann S., and Hafner M. (1996) Rat models
of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
11 (Suppl. 6), 46-51.
Kaspareit-Rittinghausen J., Deerberg F., Rapp K. G., and Wcisio
A. (1990) A new rat model for polycystic kidney disease in humans. Transplant.
Proc. 22, 2582-2583.
B., Schieren G., and Gretz N. (1997) Azotemia and extrarenal manifestations
in old female Han:SPRD (cy/+) rats. Kidney International
INBRED STRAINS OF RATS
Updated 9 Apr. 1998
MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building,
University of Leicester,