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Snca Gene Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Snca
  • Name
    synuclein, alpha
  • Synonyms
    alpha-Syn, alphaSYN, alpha-synuclein
  • Feature Type
    protein coding gene
  • IDs
    MGI:1277151
    NCBI Gene: 20617
  • Gene Overview
    MyGene.info: SNCA
  • Alliance
  • Transcription Start Sites
    7 TSS
Location &
Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Chr6:60731575-60829855 bp, - strand
  • From Ensembl annotation of GRCm38

    View this region in JBrowse

  • Genome Browsers
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 6, 29.15 cM
  • Mapping Data
    4 experiments
Strain
Comparison
more
  • SNPs within 2kb
    568 from dbSNP Build 142
  • Strain Annotations
    18
  • PCR
For selected strains:
Strain Gene Model ID Feature Type Coordinates Select Strains
C57BL/6J MGI_C57BL6J_1277151
protein coding gene Chr6:60731573-60829855 (-)
129S1/SvImJ MGP_129S1SvImJ_G0030823
protein coding gene Chr6:60468604-60569117 (-)
A/J MGP_AJ_G0030790
protein coding gene Chr6:57815070-57921601 (-)
AKR/J MGP_AKRJ_G0030718
protein coding gene Chr6:59744520-59848939 (-)
BALB/cJ MGP_BALBcJ_G0030802
protein coding gene Chr6:58228884-58324629 (-)
C3H/HeJ MGP_C3HHeJ_G0030516
protein coding gene Chr6:59774945-59876211 (-)
C57BL/6NJ MGP_C57BL6NJ_G0031260
protein coding gene Chr6:61848545-61951924 (-)
CAROLI/EiJ MGP_CAROLIEiJ_G0028452
protein coding gene Chr6:55390206-55479295 (-)
CAST/EiJ MGP_CASTEiJ_G0029914
protein coding gene Chr6:59855035-59955970 (-)
CBA/J MGP_CBAJ_G0030489
protein coding gene Chr6:64397016-64494563 (-)
DBA/2J MGP_DBA2J_G0030640
protein coding gene Chr6:57546009-57644780 (-)
FVB/NJ MGP_FVBNJ_G0030593
protein coding gene Chr6:57103226-57202391 (-)
LP/J MGP_LPJ_G0030725
protein coding gene Chr6:60426407-60530333 (-)
NOD/ShiLtJ MGP_NODShiLtJ_G0030628
protein coding gene Chr6:67309384-67427213 (-)
NZO/HlLtJ MGP_NZOHlLtJ_G0031286
protein coding gene Chr6:59640825-59741500 (-)
PWK/PhJ MGP_PWKPhJ_G0029629
protein coding gene Chr6:56719432-56816414 (-)
SPRET/EiJ MGP_SPRETEiJ_G0029457
protein coding gene Chr6:59118842-59217965 (-)
WSB/EiJ MGP_WSBEiJ_G0029996
protein coding gene Chr6:59924990-60032276 (-)



Homology
more
  • Human Ortholog
    SNCA, synuclein alpha
  • Vertebrate Orthologs
    8
  • Human Ortholog
    SNCA, synuclein alpha
    Orthology source: HGNC, HomoloGene
  • Synonyms
    NACP, PARK1, PARK4, PD1
  • Links
    NCBI Gene ID: 6622
    neXtProt AC: NX_P37840
    UniProt: P37840

  • Chr Location
    4q22.1; chr4:89724099-89838324 (-)  GRCh38.p7

Human Diseases
more
  • Diseases
    2 with Snca mouse models; 3 with human SNCA associations

Human Disease Mouse Models
      
IDs
View 23 models
IDs
View 1 model
      
IDs
View 3 models
Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease.

  • Mutations/Alleles
    36 with disease annotations
  • References
    36 with disease annotations
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
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  • Phenotype Summary
    37 phenotypes from 9 alleles in 8 genetic backgrounds
    188 phenotypes from multigenic genotypes
    342 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
immune system
integument
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
neoplasm
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
Mice homozygous for disruptions in this gene display resistance to the effects of MPTP on dopamine levels. Mice expressing a knock-in allele exhibit impaired coordination, long stride length, abnormal response to reserpine and reduced brain dopamine levels.
Gene Ontology
(GO)
Classifications
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  • All GO Annotations
  • GO References
Molecular Function

carbohydrate derivative binding
cytoskeletal protein binding
DNA binding
enzyme regulator
hydrolase
ligase
lipid binding
oxidoreductase
RNA binding
signaling receptor activity
signaling receptor binding
transcription
transferase
transporter
Biological Process

carbohydrate derivative metabolism
cell death
cell differentiation
cell population proliferation
cellular component organization
establishment of localization
homeostatic process
immune system process
lipid metabolic process
nucleic acid-templated transcription
protein metabolic process
response to stimulus
signaling
system development
Cellular Component

cell projection
cytoplasmic vesicle
cytoskeleton
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
endosome
extracellular region
Golgi apparatus
mitochondrion
non-membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
organelle envelope
organelle lumen
plasma membrane
synapse
vacuole
Click cells to view annotations.
Expression
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Expression Overview

early conceptus
embryo ectoderm
embryo endoderm
embryo mesoderm
embryo mesenchyme
extraembryonic component
alimentary system
auditory system
branchial arches
cardiovascular system
connective tissue
endocrine system
exocrine system
hemolymphoid system
integumental system
limbs
liver and biliary system
musculoskeletal system
nervous system
olfactory system
reproductive system
respiratory system
urinary system
visual system
Click cells to view annotations.


  • Assay Results
  • Tissues
  • cDNA Data
  • Literature Summary
  • Comparison Matrix
  • Interactions
    less
    Sequences &
    Gene Models
    less
    Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
    genomic ENSMUSG00000025889 Ensembl Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 98281 C57BL/6J ±  kb
    transcript ENSMUST00000163779 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 1188 Not Applicable  
    polypeptide ENSMUSP00000126067 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 140 Not Applicable  
    For the selected sequence
    Protein
    Information
    less
    Molecular
    Reagents
    less
    • All nucleic 49
      cDNA 45
      Primer pair 3
      Other 1

      Microarray probesets 4
    References
    more
    • Summaries
      All 457
      Developmental Gene Expression 24
      Diseases 36
      Gene Ontology 39
      Phenotypes 342
    • Earliest
      J:48620 Hsu LJ, et al., Expression pattern of synucleins (non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor protein/alpha-synuclein) during murine brain development. J Neurochem. 1998 Jul;71(1):338-44
    • Latest
      J:266606 Zhang Q, et al., Cdk5 suppression blocks SIRT1 degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in Parkinson's disease models. Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj. 2018 Jun;1862(6):1443-1451

    Contributing Projects:
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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    last database update
    12/11/2018
    MGI 6.13
    The Jackson Laboratory