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Gene Detail
dystrophin, muscular dystrophy
STS DXMit8, DXSmh7, DXSmh9
Synonyms Dp427, Dp71, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, dys, mdx, pke, X-linked muscular dystrophy
Feature Type protein coding gene
Genetic Map
Chromosome X
38.38 cM, cytoband C
Detailed Genetic Map ± 1 cM

Mapping data(64)
Sequence Map
ChrX:82948870-85206141 bp, + strand
From VEGA annotation of GRCm38

  2257272 bp   ±  kb flank

VEGA Genome Browser | Ensembl Genome Browser | UCSC Browser | NCBI Map Viewer

Mouse Genome Browser
HomoloGene:20856  Vertebrate Homology Class
1 human; 1 mouse; 1 chimpanzee; 1 dog; 1 chicken

Protein SuperFamily: dystrophin/utrophin
Gene Tree: Dmd

Human Homolog DMD, dystrophin
NCBI Gene ID 1756
neXtProt AC  NX_P11532
Human Synonyms  BMD, CMD3B, DXS142, DXS164, DXS206, DXS230, DXS239, DXS268, DXS269, DXS270, DXS272, MRX85
Human Chr (Location)  Xp21.2; chrX:31119222-33339609 (-)  GRCh38
Disease Associations  (3) Diseases Associated with Human DMD
alleles, and
All mutations/alleles(141) : Chemically induced (ENU)(4) Gene trapped(129) Spontaneous(1) Targeted(7)
Incidental mutations (data from Mutagenetix , APF )
Hemizygous males and homozygous mutant females show progressive muscle atrophy, increased K+ and Ca+ in muscle with age, increased blood pyruvate kinase and other symptoms of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Alleles vary in severity and may include cardiovascular and digestive system defects.
Human Diseases Modeled Using Mouse Dmd (2)    Alleles Annotated to Human Diseases(7)    Phenotype Images(2)
Dmd interacts with 502 markers (Mir1b, Mir7-1, Mir7-2, ...)
Gene Ontology
All GO classifications: (72 annotations)
Process cardiac muscle cell action potential, cardiac muscle contraction, ...
Component cell, cell junction, ...
Function actin binding, dystroglycan binding, ...
External Resources: FuncBase
Literature Summary: (34 records)
Data Summary: Results (96)    Tissues (39)    Images (28)
Theiler Stages: 15, 20, 23
Assay TypeResults
RNA in situ 96
cDNA source data(25)
External Resources: Allen Institute   GEO   Expression Atlas
All nucleic(39) Genomic(4) cDNA(35)
Microarray probesets(5)
Other database
VEGA Gene ModelOTTMUSG00000017938 (Evidence)
Ensembl Gene ModelENSMUSG00000045103 (Evidence)
Entrez Gene13405 (Evidence)
DFCITC1584253, TC1597294, TC1601821, TC1601822, TC1618912, TC1635971, TC1724037, TC1741790
DoTSDT.101724460, DT.111029986, DT.50316551, DT.55116411, DT.91431694, DT.94149289, DT.94243102, DT.94404446, DT.99849020
NIA Mouse Gene IndexU019989
Consensus CDS ProjectCCDS41047.1
International Mouse Knockout Project StatusDmd
Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
genomic OTTMUSG00000017938 VEGA Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 2257272 C57BL/6J ±  kb
transcript OTTMUST00000043357 VEGA | MGI Sequence Detail 14910 Not Applicable 
polypeptide OTTMUSP00000019485 VEGA | MGI Sequence Detail 3678 Not Applicable 

For the selected sequences
All sequences(124) RefSeq(32) UniProt(10)
Polymorphisms RFLP(9) : SNPs within 2kb(7066 from dbSNP Build 137)    SNPs within 2kb including multiple locations(7116)
InterPro IPR001589 Actinin-type, actin-binding, conserved site
InterPro IPR001715 Calponin homology domain
InterPro IPR016344 Dystrophin/utrophin
InterPro IPR015153 EF-hand domain, type 1
InterPro IPR015154 EF-hand domain, type 2
InterPro IPR011992 EF-hand-like domain
InterPro IPR018159 Spectrin/alpha-actinin
InterPro IPR002017 Spectrin repeat
InterPro IPR001202 WW domain
InterPro IPR000433 Zinc finger, ZZ-type
Protein Ontology PR:000006537 dystrophin
References (Earliest) J:15022 Russell LB, HR - tw legs. Mouse News Lett. 1957;17:84
(Latest) J:212562 McDonald AA, et al., Dystrophic changes in extraocular muscles after gamma irradiation in mdx:utrophin(+/-) mice. PLoS One. 2014;9(1):e86424
All references(933)
Disease annotation references (37)
accession IDs
MGD-MRK-12180, MGD-MRK-13336, MGD-MRK-8869

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
MGI 5.19
The Jackson Laboratory