About   Help   FAQ
Gfap Gene Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Gfap
  • Name
    glial fibrillary acidic protein
  • Feature Type
    protein coding gene
  • IDs
    MGI:95697
    NCBI Gene: 14580
Location & Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Chr11:102887336-102900912 bp, - strand
  • From VEGA annotation of GRCm38

    Mouse Genome Browser

  • Download
    Sequence
      13577 bp   ±  kb flank

  • Genome Browsers
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 11, 66.48 cM, cytoband D
  • Mapping Data
    21 experiments
  • Sequence Tags
Homology
more
  • Human Ortholog
    GFAP, glial fibrillary acidic protein
  • Vertebrate Orthologs
    9
  • Human Ortholog
    GFAP, glial fibrillary acidic protein
    Orthology source: HGNC, HomoloGene
  • Synonyms
    ALXDRD
  • Links
    NCBI Gene ID: 2670
    neXtProt AC: NX_P14136

  • Chr Location
    17q21; chr17:44905626-44915552 (-)  GRCh38.p2

Human Diseases
more
  • Diseases
    1 with Gfap mouse models; 1 with human GFAP associations

Human Disease Mouse Models
       Alexander Disease; ALXDRD   OMIM: 203450 View 7 models
Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease.

  • Mutations/Alleles
    5 with disease annotations
  • References
    8 with disease annotations
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
less
  • Phenotype Summary
    25 phenotypes from 10 alleles in 5 genetic backgrounds
    37 phenotypes from multigenic genotypes
    66 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
integument
immune system
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
neoplasm
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
  • All Mutations and Alleles
    17
  • Targeted
    14
  • Transgenic
    3
  • Genomic Mutations
    1 involving Gfap
  • Incidental Mutations
    APF
Homozygotes for targeted null mutations show reduced astrocyte-associated intermediate filaments, enhanced long-term potentiation and impaired eye-blink conditioning. Aged mutants may show hydrocephaly, reduced myelination and impaired blood-brain barrier.
Gene Ontology
(GO)
Classifications
less
  • All GO Annotations
  • GO References
Molecular Function

carbohydrate derivative binding
cytoskeletal protein binding
DNA binding
enzyme regulator
hydrolase
ligase
lipid binding
oxidoreductase
receptor
receptor binding
RNA binding
transcription
transferase
transporter
Biological Process

nucleic acid-templated transcription
carbohydrate derivative metabolism
cell death
cell differentiation
cell proliferation
cellular component organization
establishment of localization
homeostatic process
immune system process
lipid metabolic process
protein metabolic process
response to stimulus
signaling
system development
Cellular Component

cell projection
cytoplasmic vesicle
cytoskeleton
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
endosome
extracellular region
Golgi apparatus
mitochondrion
non-membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
organelle envelope
organelle lumen
plasma membrane
synapse
vacuole
Click cells to view annotations.
Expression
less
Expression Overview

early conceptus
embryo ectoderm
embryo endoderm
embryo mesoderm
embryo mesenchyme
extraembryonic component
alimentary system
auditory system
branchial arches
cardiovascular system
connective tissue
endocrine system
exocrine system
hemolymphoid system
integumental system
limbs
liver and biliary system
musculoskeletal system
nervous system
olfactory system
reproductive system
respiratory system
urinary system
visual system
Click cells to view annotations.


  • Assay Results
  • Tissues
  • cDNA Data
  • Literature Summary
Interactions
less
Sequences &
Gene Models
less
Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
genomic OTTMUSG00000003084 VEGA Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 13577 C57BL/6J ±  kb
transcript OTTMUST00000006346 VEGA | MGI Sequence Detail 2648 Not Applicable  
polypeptide OTTMUSP00000002989 VEGA | MGI Sequence Detail 430 Not Applicable  
For the selected sequence
Polymorphisms
less
  • SNPs within 2kb
    166 from dbSNP Build 142
  • PCR
  • RFLP
Protein
Information
less
  • UniProt
    2 Sequences
  • Protein Ontology
    PR:000007939 glial fibrillary acidic protein
  • InterPro Domains
    IPR027701 Glial fibrillary acidic protein
    IPR006821 Intermediate filament head, DNA-binding domain
    IPR001664 Intermediate filament protein
    IPR018039 Intermediate filament protein, conserved site
Molecular
Reagents
less
  • All nucleic 273
    Genomic 5
    cDNA 249
    Primer pair 17
    Other 2

    Microarray probesets 5
Other
Accession IDs
less
MGD-MRK-10055, MGI:2144272
References
more
  • Summaries
    All 822
    Developmental Gene Expression 681
    Diseases 8
    Gene Ontology 35
    Phenotypes 66
  • Earliest
    J:7424 Lewis SA, et al., Sequence of a cDNA clone encoding mouse glial fibrillary acidic protein: structural conservation of intermediate filaments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 May;81(9):2743-6
  • Latest
    J:231734 Winkle CC, et al., Trim9 Deletion Alters the Morphogenesis of Developing and Adult-Born Hippocampal Neurons and Impairs Spatial Learning and Memory. J Neurosci. 2016 May 4;36(18):4940-58

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
Citing These Resources
Funding Information
Warranty Disclaimer & Copyright Notice
Send questions and comments to User Support.
last database update
08/23/2016
MGI 6.05
The Jackson Laboratory