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Spast Gene Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Spast
  • Name
    spastin
  • Synonyms
    mKIAA1083, Spg4
  • Feature Type
    protein coding gene
  • IDs
    MGI:1858896
    NCBI Gene: 50850
  • Gene Overview
    MyGene.info: SPAST
Location & Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Chr17:74338987-74391113 bp, + strand
  • From Ensembl annotation of GRCm38

    Mouse Genome Browser

  • Download
    Sequence
      52127 bp   ±  kb flank

  • Genome Browsers
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 17, 45.64 cM, cytoband E3
  • Mapping Data
    3 experiments
Homology
more
  • Human Ortholog
    SPAST, spastin
  • Vertebrate Orthologs
    10
  • Human Ortholog
    SPAST, spastin
    Orthology source: HGNC, HomoloGene
  • Synonyms
    ADPSP, FSP2, SPG4
  • Links
    NCBI Gene ID: 6683
    neXtProt AC: NX_Q9UBP0

  • Chr Location
    2p24-p21; chr2:32063552-32157637 (+)  GRCh38.p2

  • HomoloGene
    Vertebrate Homology Class 8970
    1 human;1 mouse;1 rat;1 chimpanzee;1 rhesus macaque;1 cattle;1 dog;1 chicken;1 zebrafish;1 frog, western clawed
  • HCOP
    human homology predictions: SPAST
  • Protein SuperFamily
  • Gene Tree
Human Diseases
more
  • Diseases
    1 with Spast mouse models; 1 with human SPAST associations

Human Disease Mouse Models
       Spastic Paraplegia 4, Autosomal Dominant; SPG4   OMIM: 182601 View 2 models
Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease.

  • Mutations/Alleles
    2 with disease annotations
  • References
    3 with disease annotations
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
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  • Phenotype Summary
    7 phenotypes from 4 alleles in 3 genetic backgrounds
    14 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
integument
immune system
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
neoplasm
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
  • All Mutations and Alleles
    21
  • Chemically induced (ENU)
    1
  • Gene trapped
    15
  • Targeted
    5
  • Incidental Mutations
Mice homozygous for a mutation in this gene are sterile and display progressive axonopathy with focal axonal swellings and late onset gait abnormalities.
Gene Ontology
(GO)
Classifications
less
  • All GO Annotations
  • GO References
Molecular Function

carbohydrate derivative binding
cytoskeletal protein binding
DNA binding
enzyme regulator
hydrolase
ligase
lipid binding
oxidoreductase
receptor
receptor binding
RNA binding
transcription
transferase
transporter
Biological Process

nucleic acid-templated transcription
carbohydrate derivative metabolism
cell death
cell differentiation
cell proliferation
cellular component organization
establishment of localization
homeostatic process
immune system process
lipid metabolic process
protein metabolic process
response to stimulus
signaling
system development
Cellular Component

cell projection
cytoplasmic vesicle
cytoskeleton
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
endosome
extracellular region
Golgi apparatus
mitochondrion
non-membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
organelle envelope
organelle lumen
plasma membrane
synapse
vacuole
Click cells to view annotations.
Expression
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Expression Overview

early conceptus
embryo ectoderm
embryo endoderm
embryo mesoderm
embryo mesenchyme
extraembryonic component
alimentary system
auditory system
branchial arches
cardiovascular system
connective tissue
endocrine system
exocrine system
hemolymphoid system
integumental system
limbs
liver and biliary system
musculoskeletal system
nervous system
olfactory system
reproductive system
respiratory system
urinary system
visual system
Click cells to view annotations.


  • Assay Results
  • Tissues
  • cDNA Data
  • Literature Summary
Interactions
less
Sequences &
Gene Models
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Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
genomic ENSMUSG00000024068 Ensembl Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 52127 C57BL/6J ±  kb
transcript ENSMUST00000024869 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 4696 Not Applicable  
polypeptide ENSMUSP00000024869 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 614 Not Applicable  
For the selected sequence
Polymorphisms
less
  • SNPs within 2kb
    637 from dbSNP Build 142
Protein
Information
less
Molecular
Reagents
less
  • All nucleic 127
    cDNA 126
    Primer pair 1

    Microarray probesets 6
References
more
  • Summaries
    All 46
    Developmental Gene Expression 1
    Diseases 3
    Gene Ontology 8
    Phenotypes 14
  • Earliest
    J:61872 Hazan J, et al., Spastin, a new AAA protein, is altered in the most frequent form of autosomal dominant spastic paraplegia. Nat Genet. 1999 Nov;23(3):296-303
  • Latest
    J:192671 Fassier C, et al., Microtubule-targeting drugs rescue axonal swellings in cortical neurons from spastin knockout mice. Dis Model Mech. 2013 Jan;6(1):72-83

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
Citing These Resources
Funding Information
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last database update
08/23/2016
MGI 6.05
The Jackson Laboratory