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Galc Gene Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Galc
  • Name
    galactosylceramidase
  • Synonyms
    2310068B06Rik, A930008M05Rik, Gacy, galactocerebrosidase
  • Feature Type
    protein coding gene
  • IDs
    MGI:95636
    NCBI Gene: 14420
  • Gene Overview
    MyGene.info: GALC
  • Alliance
  • Transcription Start Sites
    4 TSS
Location &
Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Chr12:98202294-98259459 bp, - strand
  • From Ensembl annotation of GRCm38

    View this region in JBrowse

  • Genome Browsers
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 12, 49.83 cM
  • Mapping Data
    6 experiments
Strain
Comparison
more
  • SNPs within 2kb
    416 from dbSNP Build 142
  • Strain Annotations
    18
For selected strains:
Strain Gene Model ID Feature Type Coordinates Select Strains
C57BL/6J MGI_C57BL6J_95636
protein coding gene Chr12:98202287-98259463 (-)
129S1/SvImJ MGP_129S1SvImJ_G0020003
protein coding gene Chr12:99568125-99626049 (-)
A/J MGP_AJ_G0019958
protein coding gene Chr12:95814970-95903633 (-)
AKR/J MGP_AKRJ_G0019934
protein coding gene Chr12:98430221-98492508 (-)
BALB/cJ MGP_BALBcJ_G0019944
protein coding gene Chr12:96171454-96230822 (-)
C3H/HeJ MGP_C3HHeJ_G0019746
protein coding gene Chr12:98968121-99023452 (-)
C57BL/6NJ MGP_C57BL6NJ_G0020393
protein coding gene Chr12:102581957-102650189 (-)
CAROLI/EiJ MGP_CAROLIEiJ_G0018007
protein coding gene Chr12:92826812-92881070 (-)
CAST/EiJ MGP_CASTEiJ_G0019292
protein coding gene Chr12:94021765-94081094 (-)
CBA/J MGP_CBAJ_G0019718
protein coding gene Chr12:106404002-106472176 (-)
DBA/2J MGP_DBA2J_G0019829
protein coding gene Chr12:95259063-95315957 (-)
FVB/NJ MGP_FVBNJ_G0019818
protein coding gene Chr12:93982204-94038734 (-)
LP/J MGP_LPJ_G0019905
protein coding gene Chr12:99392408-99451639 (-)
NOD/ShiLtJ MGP_NODShiLtJ_G0019860
protein coding gene Chr12:110124255-110182703 (-)
NZO/HlLtJ MGP_NZOHlLtJ_G0020422
protein coding gene Chr12:97983239-98049406 (-)
PWK/PhJ MGP_PWKPhJ_G0019056
protein coding gene Chr12:89872963-89929302 (-)
SPRET/EiJ MGP_SPRETEiJ_G0018852
protein coding gene Chr12:92158045-92224316 (-)
WSB/EiJ MGP_WSBEiJ_G0019346
protein coding gene Chr12:98815934-98879021 (-)



Homology
more
  • Human Ortholog
    GALC, galactosylceramidase
  • Vertebrate Orthologs
    10
  • Human Ortholog
    GALC, galactosylceramidase
    Orthology source: HomoloGene, HGNC
  • Links
    NCBI Gene ID: 2581
    neXtProt AC: NX_P54803
    UniProt: P54803

  • Chr Location
    14q31.3; chr14:87933014-87993665 (-)  GRCh38.p7

  • HomoloGene
    Vertebrate Homology Class 124
    1 human;1 mouse;1 rat;1 chimpanzee;1 cattle;1 dog;1 chicken;1 zebrafish;1 frog, western clawed;1 macaque, rhesus
  • HCOP
    human homology predictions: GALC
  • Gene Tree
Human Diseases
more
  • Diseases
    1 with Galc mouse models; 1 with human GALC associations

Human Disease Mouse Models
      
IDs
View 2 models
Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease.

  • Mutations/Alleles
    2 with disease annotations
  • References
    5 with disease annotations
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
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  • Phenotype Summary
    74 phenotypes from 9 alleles in 13 genetic backgrounds
    33 phenotypes from multigenic genotypes
    101 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
immune system
integument
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
neoplasm
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
Homozygotes for spontaneous and targeted mutations exhibit tremors, progressive weakness, wasting, both central and peripheral demyelination, massive accumulation of galactosylceramide, abnormal macrophages, and death by 4 months of age.
Gene Ontology
(GO)
Classifications
less
  • All GO Annotations
  • GO References
Molecular Function

carbohydrate derivative binding
cytoskeletal protein binding
DNA binding
enzyme regulator
hydrolase
ligase
lipid binding
oxidoreductase
RNA binding
signaling receptor activity
signaling receptor binding
transcription
transferase
transporter
Biological Process

carbohydrate derivative metabolism
cell death
cell differentiation
cell population proliferation
cellular component organization
establishment of localization
homeostatic process
immune system process
lipid metabolic process
nucleic acid-templated transcription
protein metabolic process
response to stimulus
signaling
system development
Cellular Component

cell projection
cytoplasmic vesicle
cytoskeleton
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
endosome
extracellular region
Golgi apparatus
mitochondrion
non-membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
organelle envelope
organelle lumen
plasma membrane
synapse
vacuole
Click cells to view annotations.
Expression
less
Expression Overview

early conceptus
embryo ectoderm
embryo endoderm
embryo mesoderm
embryo mesenchyme
extraembryonic component
alimentary system
auditory system
branchial arches
cardiovascular system
connective tissue
endocrine system
exocrine system
hemolymphoid system
integumental system
limbs
liver and biliary system
musculoskeletal system
nervous system
olfactory system
reproductive system
respiratory system
urinary system
visual system
Click cells to view annotations.


  • Assay Results
  • Tissues
  • cDNA Data
  • Literature Summary
  • Comparison Matrix
  • Interactions
    less
    Sequences &
    Gene Models
    less
    Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
    genomic ENSMUSG00000021003 Ensembl Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 57166 C57BL/6J ±  kb
    transcript ENSMUST00000021390 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 3832 Not Applicable  
    polypeptide ENSMUSP00000021390 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 684 Not Applicable  
    For the selected sequence
    Protein
    Information
    less
    Molecular
    Reagents
    less
    • All nucleic 54
      cDNA 53
      Primer pair 1

      Microarray probesets 6
    Other
    Accession IDs
    less
    MGD-MRK-15304, MGD-MRK-9951, MGD-MRK-9962, MGI:1916901, MGI:1925845, MGI:2145017, MGI:2145024
    References
    more
    • Summaries
      All 145
      Developmental Gene Expression 6
      Diseases 5
      Gene Ontology 7
      Phenotypes 101
    • Earliest
      J:6390 Duchen LW, et al., Hereditary leucodystrophy in the mouse: the new mutant twitcher. Brain. 1980 Sep;103(3):695-710
    • Latest
      J:268315 Inamura N, et al., Developmental defects and aberrant accumulation of endogenous psychosine in oligodendrocytes in a murine model of Krabbe disease. Neurobiol Dis. 2018 Dec;120:51-62

    Contributing Projects:
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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    Funding Information
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    last database update
    08/13/2019
    MGI 6.14
    The Jackson Laboratory