of Mice: I
Inbr:(N) F143. Pink-eyed fawn with variable white patches. Genet: a,
b, d, p, s,
with some substrains carrying ln
Origin: Strong 1926 from unpedigreed mice. Carries the b allele at
locus, a sex-linked locus that controls level of activity
of the enzyme phosphorylase kinase. This activity is virtually absent
in muscle and reduced in the brain,kidney and heart in this strain.
Short latency to attack crickets (1/7) (Butler,
). High hole-in-the-wall entries (2/7), high Y-maze exploration
(1/7), high number of stairs climbed (1/7), high urination (1/7) and defaecation
(2/7) (McClearn et al., 1970
Low alcohol preference (Rodgers, 1966
Life-span and spontaneous disease
Spontaneous adenomatous stomach lesion occurs in nearly all mice (Heston,
Normal physiology and biochemistry
Mammary gland sensitive to oestradiol and progesterone (2/7) (Singh et al., 1970
., 1970). Poor growth rate, and no response
to fat in diet (4/4) (Fenton and Carr, 1951
a sex-linked phosphorylase kinase deficiency leading
to a 3-4-fold elevation of skeletal muscle glycogen content (Gross et al., 1975
., 1975). Acutely sensitive to vitamin
depletion. Brief depletion which causes only moderate weight
loss in other strains results in hyperactivity and convulsions followed
by death. Tissue stores of B6
are not different from normal.
Sensitivity not due to malabsorption, rapid excretion or failure to form
a cofactor at normal rate (Bell and Haskell,
1971; Bell et al., 1971
., 1971). C3HF
x I F1
hybrid used as a model of obesity and diabetes. Characterised
by moderate obesity at 3-4 months, glycosuria in 50% of males but only
5% of females. Islets of Langerhans enlarged, with increased insulin levels.
Abnormalities associated with hyperphagia and may be prevented by food
restriction (Bray and York, 1971; Stauffacher et al., 1971
., 1971). Pure-line strain I
resistant to dietary induction of obesity (Fenton
and Dowling, 1953
). Thyroid epithelial cells contain crystals in membrane-bounded
dense bodies, which may be lysosomes (Neve and
). Complement undetectable (Staats,
High leukocyte count (1/18), high red blood cell count (4/18), high haematocrit
(4/18) (Russell et al., 1951
Low percent carcass lipid on a high-fat diet (2/9) (West et al 1992
). Corpus callosum absent in a high proportion
of mice (Wahlsten and Schalomon, 1994
This is associated with slow growth of the medial septum subadjacent to
the cavum septi. See also strains BALB/c and CXBG. (Wahlsten and Bulman-Fleming, 1994
Resistant to skin ulceration by DMBA (cf. 9/22) (Thomas
et al., 1973
., 1973). Susceptible to papilloma induction by methylcholanthrene
(1/5) (Andervont and Edgcomb, 1956
but resistant to fibrosarcoma induction by methylcholanthrene (15/15 in
males, 14/15 in females) (Strong, 1952
Low lymphocyte phytohaemagglutinin response (34/43) (Heiniger et al., 1975
., 1975). Low immune response to ferritin
(13/16) (Young et al., 1976
Poor reproductive performance, with a high incidence of maternal neglect
(Andervont and Edgcomb, 1956
display retarded kinetics of meiotic maturation and a high frequency of
metaphase I arrest. Some oocytes fail to resume meiosis. Oocytes have
many very small centrosomes with an absence of microtubules (Albertini and Eppig, 1995
D. F. and Eppig J. J. (1995) Unusual cytoskeletal and chromatin configurations
in mouse oocytes that are atypical in meiotic progression. Developmental
Genetics 16, 13-19.
H. B. and Edgcomb J. H. (1956) Responses of seven inbred strains of mice
to percutaneous applications of 3-methylcholanthrene. J. Natl. Cancer
Inst. 17, 481-495.
Bell R. R.
and Haskell B. E. (1971) Metabolism of vitamin B6 in the I-strain mouse.
I. Absorption, excretion and conversion of vitamin to enzyme co-factor.
Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 147, 588-601.
Bray G. A.
and York D. A. (1971) Genetically transmitted obesity in rodents. Physiol.
Rev. 51, 598-646.
Butler K. (1973) Predatory
behaviour in laboratory mice. Strain and sex comparisons. J. Comp.
Physiol. Psychol. 85, 243-249.
P. F. and Carr C. J. (1951) The nutrition of the mouse. XI. Response of
four strains to diets differing in fat content. J. Nutrit. 45,
P. F. and Dowling M. T. (1953) Studies on obesity. I. Nutritional obesity
in mice. J. Nutrit. 49, 319-331.
R., Longshore M. A., and Pangburn S. (1975) The phosphorylase kinase deficiency
(Phk) locus in the mouse: evidence that the mutant allele codes for an
enzyme with an abnormal structure. Biochem. Genet. 13,
H. J., Taylor B. A., Hards E. J., and Meier H. (1975) Heritability of
the phytohaemagglutinin responsiveness of lymphocytes and its relationship
to leukemogenesis. Cancer Res. 35, 825-831.
Heston W. E. (1963)
Genetics of neoplasia, in Methodology in mammalian genetics (Burdette
W. J., ed), pp. 247-268. Holden-Day, San Francisco.
G. E., Wilson J. R., and Meredith W. (1970) The use of isogenic and heterogenic
mouse stocks in behavioral research, in Contribution to behavior genetic
analysis. The mouse as a prototype (Lindzey G. and Thiessen D. D.,
eds), pp. 3-32. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.
Neve P. and
Wollman S. H. (1973) Crystals in dense bodies in the typical thyroid epithelial
cell of the I mouse. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 51, 659-665.
Rodgers D. A. (1966)
Factors underlying differences in alcohol preference among inbred strains
of mice. Psychosomat. Med. 28, 498-513.
E. S., Neufeld E. F., and Higgins C. T. (1951) Comparison of normal blood
picture of young adults from 18 inbred strains of mice. Proc. Soc.
Exp. Biol. Med. 78, 761-766.
V., DeOme K. B., and Bern H. A. (1970) Strain differences in response
of the mouse mammary gland to hormones in vitro. J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
Staats J. (1976) Standardized
nomenclature for inbred strains of mice: Sixth listing. Cancer Res.
W., Orci L., Cameron D. P., Burr I. M., and Renold A. E. (1971) Spontaneous
hyperglycemia and/or obesity in laboratory rodents: an example of the
possible usefulness of animal disease models with both genetic and environmental
components. Recent Prog. Horm. Res. 27, 41-91.
Strong L. C. (1952)
Differences in response among mice of fifteen inbred strains to the subcutaneous
injection of methylcholanthrene. Yale J. Biol. Med. 25,
P. E., Hutton J. J., and Taylor B. A. (1973) Genetic relationship between
aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and chemical carcinogen induced
skin ulceration in mice. Genetics 74, 655-659.
D. and BulmanFleming B. (1994) Retarded growth of the medial septum: A
major gene effect in acallosal mice. Developmental Brain Research
West D. B.,
Boozer C. N., Moody D. L., and Atkinson R. L. (1992) Dietary obesity in
nine inbred mouse strains. Am. J. Physiol. 262, R1025-R1032.
R., Deacon N. J., Ebringer A., and Davis D. A. L. (1976) Genetic control
of the immune response to ferritin in mice. J. Immunogenet. 3,
INBRED STRAINS OF MICE
Updated 9 Apr. 1998
MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building,
University of Leicester,