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Inbred Strains of Mice: AL


Inbr: F166. Albino. Genet: a, b, c. Believed to have originated from an illegitimate mating of strain A followed by b x s mating, but should not be considered as a substrain of strain A. Very low mammary tumour incidence (Staats, 1976).

Normal physiology

High erythrocyte catalase level (3/18) (Hoffman and Rechcigle, 1971).


Phenobarbital i.p. does not induce hepatic epoxide hydrase (cf. 3/7) (Oesch et al., 1973., 1973). Long hexobarbital sleeping time (9/9) and low liver hexobarbital oxidase level (1/9) (Vesell, 1968).


Resistant to the induction of liver amyloid, but a high level of spontaneous amyloidosis (10/10) (Ram et al., 1969., 1969). Low susceptibility to induction of amyloid (6/6) (Willerson et al., 1969., 1969). Good immune response to synthetic double-stranded RNA (1/7) (strain quoted as ALN, but presumed to be AL/N) (Steinberg et al., 1971., 1971). Poor immune response to Vi antigen (cf. 3/5) (Gaines et al., 1965., 1965). High anti-DNP antibody concentration (1/7) (Paul et al., 1970., 1970).


Good breeding performance with 2.3 young per female per month (5/24) (Hansen et al., 1973., 1973).


AL/N has only 38 chromosomes, including two translocation submetacentrics involving Robertsonian translocations of chromosomes 5 and 19 (White and Tjio, 1975).

Gaines S., Currie J. A., and Tully J. G. (1965) Factors affecting formation of incomplete Vi antibody in mice. J. Bacteriol. 90, 635-642. \par

Hansen C. T., Judge F. J., and Whitney R. A. (1973) Catalog of NIH rodents. National Institutes of Health. DHEW publication (NIH) 74-606, Bethesda. \par

Hoffman H. A. and Rechcigl M. Jr. (1971) Erythrocyte catalase in inbred mice. Enzyme 12, 219-225. \par

Oesch F., Morris N., and Daly J. W. (1973) Genetic expression of the induction of epoxide hydrase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities in the mouse by phenobarbital or 3-methylcholanthrene. Molec. Pharmacol. 9, 692-696. \par

Paul W. E., Yoshida T., and Benacerraf B. (1970) Genetic control of the specificity of anti-DNP antibodies. II. Differences in the specificity of anti-DNP antibody produced by several inbred strains of mice. J. Immunol. 105, 314-321. \par

Ram J. S., Dehellis R. A., and Glenner G. G. (1969) Amyloid. VIII on strain variation in experimental murine amyloidosis. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 130, 462-464. \par

Staats J. (1976) Standardized nomenclature for inbred strains of mice: Sixth listing. Cancer Res. 36, 4333-4377. \par

Steinberg A. D., Pincus T., and Talal N. (1971) The pathogenesis of autoimmunity in New Zealand mice. III. Factors influencing the formation of anti-nucleic acid antibodies. Immunol. 20, 523-531. \par

Vesell E. S. (1968) Factors altering the responsiveness of mice to hexobarbital. Pharmacology 1, 81-97. \par

White B. J. and Tjio J.-H. (1975) AL/N: A homozygous Robertsonian translocation mouse strain identical to TlWh. Cytologia 40, 249-252. \par

Willerson J. T., Asofsky R., and Barth W. F. (1969) Experimental murine amyloid. IV amyloidosis and immunoglobulins. J. Immunol. 103, 741-749. \par

Updated 9 Apr. 1998
Michael FW Festing
MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building,
University of Leicester, UK

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