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Gene Ontology Classifications
Symbol
Name
ID
Twist1
twist basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1
MGI:98872

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Summary from NCBI RefSeq

Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors have been implicated in cell lineage determination and differentiation. This gene encodes a bHLH transcription factor that is evolutionarily conserved from invertebrates to humans, and was originally identified in Drosophila as an essential gene involved in early mesoderm development and dorsal-ventral patterning in the embryo. This protein plays a role in cancer by regulating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process that is critical for metastasis initiation, and promoting tumor progression. Mutations in the human gene are associated with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS). Mice with heterozygous mutations in this gene exhibit cranofacial and structural defects similar to those seen in human SCS patients. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]



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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

Experimental:
EXP
Inferred from experiment
IDA
Inferred from direct assay
IEP
Inferred from expression pattern
IGI
Inferred from genetic interaction
IMP
Inferred from mutant phenotype
IPI
Inferred from physical interaction
Homology:
IAS
Inferred from ancestral sequence
IBA
Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
IBD
Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
IKR
Inferred from key residues
IMR
Inferred from missing residues
IRD
Inferred from rapid divergence
ISA
Inferred from sequence alignment
ISM
Inferred from sequence model
ISO
Inferred from sequence orthology
ISS
Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Automated:
IEA
Inferred from electronic annotation
RCA
Reviewed computational analysis
Other:
IC
Inferred by curator
NAS
Non-traceable author statement
ND
No biological data available
TAS
Traceable author statement

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Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
06/20/2017
MGI 6.10
The Jackson Laboratory