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Idd5C57BL/10SnJ
QTL Variant Detail
Nomenclature
QTL variant: Idd5C57BL/10SnJ
Name: insulin dependent diabetes susceptibility 5; C57BL/10SnJ
MGI ID: MGI:3036897
Synonyms: Idd5b10
QTL: Idd5  Location: unknown  Genetic Position: Chr1, Syntenic
Variant
origin
Strain of Specimen:  C57BL/10SnJ
Variant
description
Allele Type:    QTL
Mutation:    Undefined
    This allele confers resistance to insulin dependent diabetes compared to NOD/MrkTac. (J:71276)
Phenotypes
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View phenotypes and curated references for all genotypes (concatenated display).
Notes
Idd3 and Idd5 appear to interact additively. C57BL/6-derived alleles at Idd3 in combination with C57BL/10SnJ-derived alleles at Idd5 partially reverses autoimmune exocrinopathy markers on an NOD genetic background.

Candidate Genes

J:71276

The authors mention the following genes mapping near Idd5 as possible candidates: Bcl2, Casp8, and Ctla4.

Mapping and Phenotype information for this QTL, its variants and associated markers

J:13557

123 polymorphic markers were screened in a backcross population of NOD/Lt x (B10.NOD-H2g7 x NOD/Lt)F1 animals to identify QTLs associated with susceptibility to insulin dependent (type 1) diabetes. 106 diabetic backcross animals and 190 non-diabetic backcross animals were used in this study. Parental strain NOD/Lt spontaneously develops type 1 diabetes whereas parental strain B10.NOD-H2g7 is resistant.

Three novel diabetes susceptibility QTLs were identified. Idd7 mapped to 4.5 cM on mouse Chromosome 7 near D7Nds6, Idd8 mapped to 2.5 cM on mouse Chromosome 14 near D14Nds1, and Idd10 mapped to 45 cM on mouse chromosome 3 near D3Nds7, D3Nds11, and D3Nds8. Idd7 and Idd8 are associated with insulitis and diabetes susceptibility. Homozygosity for NOD/Lt-derived alleles confers resistance to diabetes at Idd7 and Idd8 indicating a dominant susceptible effect of the C57BL/10-derived allele. Idd10 also shows linkage to insulitis and diabetes susceptibility.

Several previously identified QTLs were detected in this study:

Idd3 mapped to 28 cM on mouse Chromosome 3 near D3Nds1 in linkage to diabetes susceptibility and insulitis. Sequence analysis of candidate gene Il2 revealed several amino acid difference between NOD/Lt and C57BL/10.

Idd4 mapped to 43.8 cM on mouse Chromosome 11 near D11Nds1 in linkage to diabetes susceptibility.

Idd5 mapped to 19.5 cM on mouse Chromosome 1 near D1Nds6 in linkage to diabetes susceptibility and insulitis.

Idd6 mapped to 71.2 cM on mouse Chromosome 6 near D6Mit14 in linkage todiabetes susceptibility.

References
Original:  J:71276 Brayer J, et al., Alleles from chromosomes 1 and 3 of NOD mice combine to influence Sjogren's syndrome-like autoimmune exocrinopathy. J Rheumatol. 2000 Aug;27(8):1896-904
All:  11 reference(s)

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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last database update
04/13/2021
MGI 6.16
The Jackson Laboratory