Automated description from the Alliance of Genome Resources (Release 5.3.0)
Enables several functions, including anion binding activity; heme binding activity; and nitric-oxide synthase activity. Involved in several processes, including negative regulation of macromolecule metabolic process; nitric oxide biosynthetic process; and peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylation. Acts upstream of or within several processes, including cellular response to type II interferon; response to bacterium; and superoxide metabolic process. Located in cortical cytoskeleton and perinuclear region of cytoplasm. Is expressed in several structures, including alimentary system; brain; enteric nervous system; genitourinary system; and hemolymphoid system gland. Used to study Alzheimer's disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in several diseases, including dementia (multiple); hypertension (multiple); malaria; pulmonary tuberculosis; and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Orthologous to human NOS2 (nitric oxide synthase 2).