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Hm Cytogenetic Marker Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Hm
  • Name
    hammer toe
  • Feature Type
    insertion
  • IDs
    MGI:96110
    NCBI Gene: 109572
Location &
Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Genome coordinates not available from the current reference assembly.
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 5, Syntenic
  • Mapping Data
    32 experiments
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
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  • Phenotype Summary
    2 phenotypes from 1 allele in 1 genetic background
    3 phenotypes from multigenic genotypes
    2 images
    18 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
immune system
integument
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
neoplasm
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
Mutations in this gene result in abnormal development of the feet.
Sequences &
Gene Models
less
Other
Accession IDs
less
MGD-MRK-10744
References
more
  • Summaries
    All 34
    Phenotypes 18
  • Earliest
    J:5602 Womack JE, et al., Mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (Mor-1) in the mouse: linkage to chromosome 5 markers. Biochem Genet. 1975 Oct;13(9-10):519-25
  • Latest
    J:257769 Paliou C, et al., Large genomic insertion at the Shh locus results in hammer toes through enhancer adoption. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jan 30;115(5):839-841

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB)), Gene Ontology (GO)
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last database update
11/22/2022
MGI 6.22
The Jackson Laboratory