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Pitx3 Gene Detail
Summary
  • Symbol
    Pitx3
  • Name
    paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 3
  • Synonyms
    Ptx3
  • Feature Type
    protein coding gene
  • IDs
    MGI:1100498
    NCBI Gene: 18742
  • Gene Overview
    MyGene.info: PITX3
  • Alliance
  • Transcription Start Sites
    2 TSS
Location &
Maps
more
  • Sequence Map
    Chr19:46135685-46148326 bp, - strand
  • From Ensembl annotation of GRCm38

    View this region in JBrowse

  • Genome Browsers
  • Genetic Map
    Chromosome 19, 38.75 cM
  • Mapping Data
    17 experiments
Strain
Comparison
more
  • SNPs within 2kb
    61 from dbSNP Build 142
  • Strain Annotations
    18
  • PCR
  • RFLP
For selected strains:
Strain Gene Model ID Feature Type Coordinates Select Strains
C57BL/6J MGI_C57BL6J_1100498
protein coding gene Chr19:46135294-46148326 (-)
129S1/SvImJ MGP_129S1SvImJ_G0025201
protein coding gene Chr19:45807801-45820441 (-)
A/J MGP_AJ_G0025177
protein coding gene Chr19:43551387-43564104 (-)
AKR/J MGP_AKRJ_G0025146
protein coding gene Chr19:44957730-44970742 (-)
BALB/cJ MGP_BALBcJ_G0025172
protein coding gene Chr19:43608110-43620825 (-)
C3H/HeJ MGP_C3HHeJ_G0024932
protein coding gene Chr19:45131929-45144569 (-)
C57BL/6NJ MGP_C57BL6NJ_G0025615
protein coding gene Chr19:46942066-46954705 (-)
CAROLI/EiJ MGP_CAROLIEiJ_G0023029
protein coding gene Chr19:42791456-42804292 (-)
CAST/EiJ MGP_CASTEiJ_G0024397
protein coding gene Chr19:44915073-44927829 (-)
CBA/J MGP_CBAJ_G0024912
protein coding gene Chr19:49310246-49322880 (-)
DBA/2J MGP_DBA2J_G0025044
protein coding gene Chr19:43371147-43383786 (-)
FVB/NJ MGP_FVBNJ_G0025005
protein coding gene Chr19:43148121-43160761 (-)
LP/J MGP_LPJ_G0025130
protein coding gene Chr19:45718938-45731578 (-)
NOD/ShiLtJ MGP_NODShiLtJ_G0025036
protein coding gene Chr19:48659021-48671687 (-)
NZO/HlLtJ MGP_NZOHlLtJ_G0025673
protein coding gene Chr19:45069112-45081812 (-)
PWK/PhJ MGP_PWKPhJ_G0024146
protein coding gene Chr19:43307807-43320796 (-)
SPRET/EiJ MGP_SPRETEiJ_G0023950
protein coding gene Chr19:43727542-43740248 (-)
WSB/EiJ MGP_WSBEiJ_G0024467
protein coding gene Chr19:45212351-45225008 (-)



Homology
more
  • Human Ortholog
    PITX3, paired like homeodomain 3
  • Vertebrate Orthologs
    9
  • Human Ortholog
    PITX3, paired like homeodomain 3
    Orthology source: HomoloGene, HGNC
  • Synonyms
    ASGD1, ASMD, ASOD, CTPP4, CTRCT11, PTX3
  • Links
    NCBI Gene ID: 5309
    neXtProt AC: NX_O75364
    UniProt: O75364

  • Chr Location
    10q24.32; chr10:102230189-102241474 (-)  GRCh38.p7

Human Diseases
more
  • Diseases
    2 with Pitx3 mouse models; 2 with human PITX3 associations

Human Disease Mouse Models
      
IDs
View 1 model
      
IDs
View 3 models
      
IDs
Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease.

  • Mutations/Alleles
    3 with disease annotations
  • References
    6 with disease annotations
Mutations,
Alleles, and
Phenotypes
less
  • Phenotype Summary
    78 phenotypes from 6 alleles in 7 genetic backgrounds
    17 phenotypes from multigenic genotypes
    2 images
    81 phenotype references
Phenotype Overview

adipose tissue
behavior/neurological
cardiovascular system
cellular
craniofacial
digestive/alimentary system
embryo
endocrine/exocrine glands
growth/size/body
hearing/vestibular/ear
hematopoietic system
homeostasis/metabolism
immune system
integument
limbs/digits/tail
liver/biliary system
mortality/aging
muscle
neoplasm
nervous system
pigmentation
renal/urinary system
reproductive system
respiratory system
skeleton
taste/olfaction
vision/eye

Click cells to view annotations.
Mutations in this gene cause variable defects in many aspects of ocular development and loss of a subset of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Observed phenotypes may include growth abnormalities, alterations in liver, lung, and bone function, and sex-specific neurobehavioral anomalies.
Gene Ontology
(GO)
Classifications
less
  • All GO Annotations
  • GO References
Molecular Function

carbohydrate derivative binding
cytoskeletal protein binding
DNA binding
enzyme regulator
hydrolase
ligase
lipid binding
oxidoreductase
RNA binding
signaling receptor activity
signaling receptor binding
transcription
transferase
transporter
Biological Process

carbohydrate derivative metabolism
cell death
cell differentiation
cell proliferation
cellular component organization
establishment of localization
homeostatic process
immune system process
lipid metabolic process
nucleic acid-templated transcription
protein metabolic process
response to stimulus
signaling
system development
Cellular Component

cell projection
cytoplasmic vesicle
cytoskeleton
cytosol
endoplasmic reticulum
endosome
extracellular region
Golgi apparatus
mitochondrion
non-membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
organelle envelope
organelle lumen
plasma membrane
synapse
vacuole
Click cells to view annotations.
Expression
less
Expression Overview

early conceptus
embryo ectoderm
embryo endoderm
embryo mesoderm
embryo mesenchyme
extraembryonic component
alimentary system
auditory system
branchial arches
cardiovascular system
connective tissue
endocrine system
exocrine system
hemolymphoid system
integumental system
limbs
liver and biliary system
musculoskeletal system
nervous system
olfactory system
reproductive system
respiratory system
urinary system
visual system
Click cells to view annotations.


  • Assay Results
  • Tissues
  • cDNA Data
  • Literature Summary
  • Comparison Matrix
  • Interactions
    less
    Sequences &
    Gene Models
    less
    Representative SequencesLengthStrain/SpeciesFlank
    genomic ENSMUSG00000025229 Ensembl Gene Model | MGI Sequence Detail 12642 C57BL/6J ±  kb
    transcript ENSMUST00000026259 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 1380 Not Applicable  
    polypeptide ENSMUSP00000026259 Ensembl | MGI Sequence Detail 302 Not Applicable  
    For the selected sequence
    Protein
    Information
    less
    Molecular
    Reagents
    less
    • All nucleic 36
      Genomic 13
      cDNA 12
      Primer pair 9
      Other 2

      Microarray probesets 3
    Other
    Accession IDs
    less
    MGD-MRK-1239, MGI:87976
    References
    more
    • Summaries
      All 197
      Developmental Gene Expression 93
      Diseases 6
      Gene Ontology 17
      Phenotypes 81
    • Earliest
      J:5084 Varnum DS, et al., Aphakia, a new mutation in the mouse. J Hered. 1968 Mar-Apr;59(2):147-50
    • Latest
      J:260844 Suarez LM, et al., Differential Synaptic Remodeling by Dopamine in Direct and Indirect Striatal Projection Neurons in Pitx3(-/-) Mice, a Genetic Model of Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2018 Apr 11;38(15):3619-3630

    Contributing Projects:
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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    last database update
    11/06/2018
    MGI 6.13
    The Jackson Laboratory