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Gene Expression Literature Summary
parathyroid hormone-like peptide

105 matching records from 105 references.

Summary by Age and Assay: Numbers in the table indicate the number of results matching the search criteria.
Age E0.5 E1 E2 E2.5 E3 E3.5 E5 E5.5 E6 E6.5 E7 E7.5 E8.5 E9.5 E10.5 E11.5 E12 E12.5 E13 E13.5 E14 E14.5 E15 E15.5 E16 E16.5 E17.5 E18 E18.5 E19 E P
Immunohistochemistry (section) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 4 3 3 2 6 1 1 8
In situ RNA (section) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 6 12 1 18 1 11 1 12 2 2 6 4 13
In situ RNA (whole mount) 1 1 1 1 2 1
In situ reporter (knock in) 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 3
Northern blot 1 2
Western blot 1 1 3
RT-PCR 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 5 1 5 2 2 1 6 2 7
RNase protection 1 1 1 2

Summary by Gene and Reference: Number indicates the number of results matching the search criteria recorded for each reference.
* Indicates detailed expression data entries available
Pthlh  parathyroid hormone-like peptide   (Synonyms: parathyroid hormone-like hormone, parathyroid hormone-related peptide, parathyroid hormone-related protein, PTH-like, PTH-related peptide, Pthrp)
Results  Reference
1J:79879 Akiyama H, Chaboissier MC, Martin JF, Schedl A, De Crombrugghe B, The transcription factor Sox9 has essential roles in successive steps of the chondrocyte differentiation pathway and is required for expression of Sox5 and Sox6. Genes Dev. 2002 Nov 1;16(21):2813-28
1J:90567 Akiyama H, Lyons JP, Mori-Akiyama Y, Yang X, Zhang R, Zhang Z, Deng JM, Taketo MM, Nakamura T, Behringer RR, McCrea PD, de Crombrugghe B, Interactions between Sox9 and beta-catenin control chondrocyte differentiation. Genes Dev. 2004 May 1;18(9):1072-87
2*J:20321 Amizuka N, Warshawsky H, Henderson JE, Goltzman D, Karaplis AC, Parathyroid hormone-related peptide-depleted mice show abnormal epiphyseal cartilage development and altered endochondral bone formation. J Cell Biol. 1994 Sep;126(6):1611-23
8J:155396 Bellon E, Luyten FP, Tylzanowski P, delta-EF1 is a negative regulator of Ihh in the developing growth plate. J Cell Biol. 2009 Nov 30;187(5):685-99
1J:168038 Bimonte S, De Angelis A, Quagliata L, Giusti F, Tammaro R, Dallai R, Ascenzi MG, Diez-Roux G, Franco B, Ofd1 is required in limb bud patterning and endochondral bone development. Dev Biol. 2011 Jan 15;349(2):179-91
6J:176401 Bond H, Dilworth MR, Baker B, Cowley E, Requena Jimenez A, Boyd RD, Husain SM, Ward BS, Sibley CP, Glazier JD, Increased maternofetal calcium flux in parathyroid hormone-related protein-null mice. J Physiol. 2008 Apr 1;586(7):2015-25
2J:216103 Boras-Granic K, Dann P, Vanhouten J, Karaplis A, Wysolmerski J, Deletion of the nuclear localization sequences and C-terminus of PTHrP impairs embryonic mammary development but also inhibits PTHrP production. PLoS One. 2014;9(5):e90418
5J:180983 Boras-Granic K, VanHouten J, Hiremath M, Wysolmerski J, Parathyroid hormone-related protein is not required for normal ductal or alveolar development in the post-natal mammary gland. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e27278
2J:90403 Boulet AM, Capecchi MR, Multiple roles of Hoxa11 and Hoxd11 in the formation of the mammalian forelimb zeugopod. Development. 2004 Jan;131(2):299-309
2J:239074 Cai H, Liu A, Spop promotes skeletal development and homeostasis by positively regulating Ihh signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Dec 20;113(51):14751-14756
1J:188176 Caparros-Martin JA, Valencia M, Reytor E, Pacheco M, Fernandez M, Perez-Aytes A, Gean E, Lapunzina P, Peters H, Goodship JA, Ruiz-Perez VL, The ciliary Evc/Evc2 complex interacts with Smo and controls Hedgehog pathway activity in chondrocytes by regulating Sufu/Gli3 dissociation and Gli3 trafficking in primary cilia. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Oct 16;
1J:157333 Capurro MI, Li F, Filmus J, Overgrowth of a mouse model of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome is partly mediated by Indian hedgehog. EMBO Rep. 2009 Aug;10(8):901-7
1J:209730 Cardelli M, Zirngibl RA, Boetto JF, McKenzie KP, Troy TC, Turksen K, Aubin JE, Cartilage-specific overexpression of ERRgamma results in Chondrodysplasia and reduced chondrocyte proliferation. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):e81511
7*J:128121 Chen X, Macica CM, Dreyer BE, Hammond VE, Hens JR, Philbrick WM, Broadus AE, Initial characterization of PTH-related protein gene-driven lacZ expression in the mouse. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Jan;21(1):113-23
4J:143531 Chen X, Macica CM, Nasiri A, Broadus AE, Regulation of articular chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation by indian hedgehog and parathyroid hormone-related protein in mice. Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Dec;58(12):3788-97
8J:83352 Cho YM, Woodard GL, Dunbar M, Gocken T, Jimenez JA, Foley J, Hair-cycle-dependent expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein and its type I receptor: evidence for regulation at the anagen to catagen transition. J Invest Dermatol. 2003 May;120(5):715-27
1J:50593 Chung UI, Lanske B, Lee K, Li E, Kronenberg H, The parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor coordinates endochondral bone development by directly controlling chondrocyte differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Oct 27;95(22):13030-5
1J:79920 Dabovic B, Chen Y, Colarossi C, Zambuto L, Obata H, Rifkin DB, Bone defects in latent TGF-beta binding protein (Ltbp)-3 null mice; a role for Ltbp in TGF-beta presentation. J Endocrinol. 2002 Oct;175(1):129-41
1J:108241 Desai J, Shannon ME, Johnson MD, Ruff DW, Hughes LA, Kerley MK, Carpenter DA, Johnson DK, Rinchik EM, Culiat CT, Nell1-deficient mice have reduced expression of extracellular matrix proteins causing cranial and vertebral defects. Hum Mol Genet. 2006 Apr 15;15(8):1329-41
1J:230611 Dierker T, Bachvarova V, Krause Y, Li JP, Kjellen L, Seidler DG, Vortkamp A, Altered heparan sulfate structure in Glce(-/-) mice leads to increased Hedgehog signaling in endochondral bones. Matrix Biol. 2016 Jan;49:82-92
4*J:54759 Dunbar ME, Dann PR, Robinson GW, Hennighausen L, Zhang JP, Wysolmerski JJ, Parathyroid hormone-related protein signaling is necessary for sexual dimorphism during embryonic mammary development. Development. 1999 Aug;126(16):3485-93
5J:50789 Dunbar ME, Young P, Zhang JP, McCaughern-Carucci J, Lanske B, Orloff JJ, Karaplis A, Cunha G, Wysolmerski JJ, Stromal cells are critical targets in the regulation of mammary ductal morphogenesis by parathyroid hormone-related protein. Dev Biol. 1998 Nov 1;203(1):75-89
5J:98530 El-Hashash AH, Kimber SJ, Esbrit P, PTHrP promotes murine secondary trophoblast giant cell differentiation through induction of endocycle, upregulation of giant-cell-promoting transcription factors and suppression of other trophoblast cell types. Differentiation. 2005 Apr;73(4):154-74
1*J:77698 Eswarakumar VP, Monsonego-Ornan E, Pines M, Antonopoulou I, Morriss-Kay GM, Lonai P, The IIIc alternative of Fgfr2 is a positive regulator of bone formation. Development. 2002 Aug 15;129(16):3783-93
2J:147878 Gao B, Hu J, Stricker S, Cheung M, Ma G, Law KF, Witte F, Briscoe J, Mundlos S, He L, Cheah KS, Chan D, A mutation in Ihh that causes digit abnormalities alters its signalling capacity and range. Nature. 2009 Apr 30;458(7242):1196-200
1J:214984 Gonzalez-Martin MC, Mallo M, Ros MA, Long bone development requires a threshold of Hox function. Dev Biol. 2014 Aug 15;392(2):454-65
1J:226667 Goodnough LH, Dinuoscio GJ, Ferguson JW, Williams T, Lang RA, Atit RP, Distinct requirements for cranial ectoderm and mesenchyme-derived wnts in specification and differentiation of osteoblast and dermal progenitors. PLoS Genet. 2014 Feb;10(2):e1004152
1J:117334 Gritli-Linde A, Hallberg K, Harfe BD, Reyahi A, Kannius-Janson M, Nilsson J, Cobourne MT, Sharpe PT, McMahon AP, Linde A, Abnormal hair development and apparent follicular transformation to mammary gland in the absence of hedgehog signaling. Dev Cell. 2007 Jan;12(1):99-112
1J:189718 Gu Z, Liu Y, Zhang Y, Jin S, Chen Q, Goltzman D, Karaplis A, Miao D, Absence of PTHrP nuclear localization and carboxyl terminus sequences leads to abnormal brain development and function. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e41542
7*J:189628 Guo L, Qi ST, Miao DQ, Liang XW, Li H, Ou XH, Huang X, Yang CR, Ouyang YC, Hou Y, Sun QY, Han Z, The roles of parathyroid hormone-like hormone during mouse preimplantation embryonic development. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40528
2J:150187 Guo X, Mak KK, Taketo MM, Yang Y, The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway interacts differentially with PTHrP signaling to control chondrocyte hypertrophy and final maturation. PLoS One. 2009;4(6):e6067
1J:117033 Haycraft CJ, Zhang Q, Song B, Jackson WS, Detloff PJ, Serra R, Yoder BK, Intraflagellar transport is essential for endochondral bone formation. Development. 2007 Jan;134(2):307-16
1J:231474 Hung IH, Schoenwolf GC, Lewandoski M, Ornitz DM, A combined series of Fgf9 and Fgf18 mutant alleles identifies unique and redundant roles in skeletal development. Dev Biol. 2016 Mar 1;411(1):72-84
2*J:54095 Inada M, Yasui T, Nomura S, Miyake S, Deguchi K, Himeno M, Sato M, Yamagiwa H, Kimura T, Yasui N, Ochi T, Endo N, Kitamura Y, Kishimoto T, Komori T, Maturational disturbance of chondrocytes in Cbfa1-deficient mice. Dev Dyn. 1999 Apr;214(4):279-90
3J:154905 Joeng KS, Long F, The Gli2 transcriptional activator is a crucial effector for Ihh signaling in osteoblast development and cartilage vascularization. Development. 2009 Dec;136(24):4177-85
2J:182862 Jones GN, Pringle DR, Yin Z, Carlton MM, Powell KA, Weinstein MB, Toribio RE, La Perle KM, Kirschner LS, Neural crest-specific loss of Prkar1a causes perinatal lethality resulting from defects in intramembranous ossification. Mol Endocrinol. 2010 Aug;24(8):1559-68
4J:241397 Kamper M, Paulsson M, Zaucke F, Absence of collagen IX accelerates hypertrophic differentiation in the embryonic mouse spine through a disturbance of the Ihh-PTHrP feedback loop. Cell Tissue Res. 2017 Feb;367(2):359-367
8J:34994 Karperien M, Lanser P, de Laat SW, Boonstra J, Defize LH, Parathyroid hormone related peptide mRNA expression during murine postimplantation development: evidence for involvement in multiple differentiation processes. Int J Dev Biol. 1996 Jun;40(3):599-608
2J:226965 Kato K, Bhattaram P, Penzo-Mendez A, Gadi A, Lefebvre V, SOXC Transcription Factors Induce Cartilage Growth Plate Formation in Mouse Embryos by Promoting Noncanonical WNT Signaling. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Sep;30(9):1560-71
1J:155442 Kawaki H, Kubota S, Suzuki A, Lazar N, Yamada T, Matsumura T, Ohgawara T, Maeda T, Perbal B, Lyons KM, Takigawa M, Cooperative regulation of chondrocyte differentiation by CCN2 and CCN3 shown by a comprehensive analysis of the CCN family proteins in cartilage. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Nov;23(11):1751-64
1J:77683 Kobayashi T, Chung UI, Schipani E, Starbuck M, Karsenty G, Katagiri T, Goad DL, Lanske B, Kronenberg HM, PTHrP and Indian hedgehog control differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes at multiple steps. Development. 2002 Jun;129(12):2977-86
1J:99641 Kobayashi T, Soegiarto DW, Yang Y, Lanske B, Schipani E, McMahon AP, Kronenberg HM, Indian hedgehog stimulates periarticular chondrocyte differentiation to regulate growth plate length independently of PTHrP. J Clin Invest. 2005 Jul;115(7):1734-42
1J:239480 Kong L, Zhao YP, Tian QY, Feng JQ, Kobayashi T, Merregaert J, Liu CJ, Extracellular matrix protein 1, a direct targeting molecule of parathyroid hormone-related peptide, negatively regulates chondrogenesis and endochondral ossification via associating with progranulin growth factor. FASEB J. 2016 Aug;30(8):2741-54
2J:75520 Kovacs CS, Chafe LL, Woodland ML, McDonald KR, Fudge NJ, Wookey PJ, Calcitropic gene expression suggests a role for the intraplacental yolk sac in maternal-fetal calcium exchange. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Mar;282(3):E721-32
6J:110928 Kovacs CS, Manley NR, Moseley JM, Martin TJ, Kronenberg HM, Fetal parathyroids are not required to maintain placental calcium transport. J Clin Invest. 2001 Apr;107(8):1007-15
5J:99514 Kovacs CS, Woodland ML, Fudge NJ, Friel JK, The vitamin D receptor is not required for fetal mineral homeostasis or for the regulation of placental calcium transfer in mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jul;289(1):E133-44
2J:92212 Koziel L, Kunath M, Kelly OG, Vortkamp A, Ext1-dependent heparan sulfate regulates the range of Ihh signaling during endochondral ossification. Dev Cell. 2004 Jun;6(6):801-13
2J:102948 Koziel L, Wuelling M, Schneider S, Vortkamp A, Gli3 acts as a repressor downstream of Ihh in regulating two distinct steps of chondrocyte differentiation. Development. 2005 Dec;132(23):5249-60
2J:60156 Lee K, Lanske B, Karaplis AC, Deeds JD, Kohno H, Nissenson RA, Kronenberg HM, Segre GV, Parathyroid hormone-related peptide delays terminal differentiation of chondrocytes during endochondral bone development. Endocrinology. 1996 Nov;137(11):5109-18
2J:227059 Li J, Sun H, Feltri ML, Mercurio AM, Integrin beta4 regulation of PTHrP underlies its contribution to mammary gland development. Dev Biol. 2015 Nov 15;407(2):313-20
1J:203695 Lieben L, Stockmans I, Moermans K, Carmeliet G, Maternal hypervitaminosis D reduces fetal bone mass and mineral acquisition and leads to neonatal lethality. Bone. 2013 Nov;57(1):123-31
1J:79482 Liu Y, Liu C, Yamada Y, Fan CM, growth arrest specific gene 1 acts as a region-specific mediator of the Fgf10/Fgf8 regulatory loop in the limb. Development. 2002 Nov;129(22):5289-300
1J:67153 Long F, Schipani E, Asahara H, Kronenberg H, Montminy M, The CREB family of activators is required for endochondral bone development. Development. 2001 Feb;128(4):541-50
1*J:73071 Long F, Zhang XM, Karp S, Yang Y, McMahon AP, Genetic manipulation of hedgehog signaling in the endochondral skeleton reveals a direct role in the regulation of chondrocyte proliferation. Development. 2001 Dec;128(24):5099-108
1J:152843 Luo J, Zhou W, Zhou X, Li D, Weng J, Yi Z, Cho SG, Li C, Yi T, Wu X, Li XY, de Crombrugghe B, Hook M, Liu M, Regulation of bone formation and remodeling by G-protein-coupled receptor 48. Development. 2009 Aug;136(16):2747-56
1J:87618 Maes C, Stockmans I, Moermans K, Van Looveren R, Smets N, Carmeliet P, Bouillon R, Carmeliet G, Soluble VEGF isoforms are essential for establishing epiphyseal vascularization and regulating chondrocyte development and survival. J Clin Invest. 2004 Jan;113(2):188-99
1J:95408 McDonald KR, Fudge NJ, Woodrow JP, Friel JK, Hoff AO, Gagel RF, Kovacs CS, Ablation of calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide-alpha impairs fetal magnesium but not calcium homeostasis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Aug;287(2):E218-26
1J:88344 Miao D, Liu H, Plut P, Niu M, Huo R, Goltzman D, Henderson JE, Impaired endochondral bone development and osteopenia in Gli2-deficient mice. Exp Cell Res. 2004 Mar 10;294(1):210-22
1J:205051 Miller JA, Nathanson J, Franjic D, Shim S, Dalley RA, Shapouri S, Smith KA, Sunkin SM, Bernard A, Bennett JL, Lee CK, Hawrylycz MJ, Jones AR, Amaral DG, Sestan N, Gage FH, Lein ES, Conserved molecular signatures of neurogenesis in the hippocampal subgranular zone of rodents and primates. Development. 2013 Nov;140(22):4633-44
2J:205339 Mis EK, Liem KF Jr, Kong Y, Schwartz NB, Domowicz M, Weatherbee SD, Forward genetics defines Xylt1 as a key, conserved regulator of early chondrocyte maturation and skeletal length. Dev Biol. 2014 Jan 1;385(1):67-82
7J:97323 Niedermaier M, Schwabe GC, Fees S, Helmrich A, Brieske N, Seemann P, Hecht J, Seitz V, Stricker S, Leschik G, Schrock E, Selby PB, Mundlos S, An inversion involving the mouse Shh locus results in brachydactyly through dysregulation of Shh expression. J Clin Invest. 2005 Apr 1;115(4):900-909
3J:137802 Nishioka K, Itoh S, Suemoto H, Kanno S, Gai Z, Kawakatsu M, Tanishima H, Morimoto Y, Hatamura I, Yoshida M, Muragaki Y, Trps1 deficiency enlarges the proliferative zone of growth plate cartilage by upregulation of Pthrp. Bone. 2008 Jul;43(1):64-71
1J:181485 Oh JH, Park SY, de Crombrugghe B, Kim JE, Chondrocyte-specific ablation of Osterix leads to impaired endochondral ossification. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Feb 24;418(4):634-40
1J:179841 Pacheco M, Valencia M, Caparros-Martin JA, Mulero F, Goodship JA, Ruiz-Perez VL, Evc works in chondrocytes and osteoblasts to regulate multiple aspects of growth plate development in the appendicular skeleton and cranial base. Bone. 2012 Jan;50(1):28-41
1J:135374 Patra D, Xing X, Davies S, Bryan J, Franz C, Hunziker EB, Sandell LJ, Site-1 protease is essential for endochondral bone formation in mice. J Cell Biol. 2007 Nov 19;179(4):687-700
1J:99177 Pizard A, Burgon PG, Paul DL, Bruneau BG, Seidman CE, Seidman JG, Connexin 40, a target of transcription factor Tbx5, patterns wrist, digits, and sternum. Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jun;25(12):5073-83
3J:147287 Retting KN, Song B, Yoon BS, Lyons KM, BMP canonical Smad signaling through Smad1 and Smad5 is required for endochondral bone formation. Development. 2009 Apr;136(7):1093-104
1J:234703 Rockel JS, Yu C, Whetstone H, Craft AM, Reilly K, Ma H, Tsushima H, Puviindran V, Al-Jazrawe M, Keller GM, Alman BA, Hedgehog inhibits beta-catenin activity in synovial joint development and osteoarthritis. J Clin Invest. 2016 May 2;126(5):1649-63
1J:149460 Rokutanda S, Fujita T, Kanatani N, Yoshida CA, Komori H, Liu W, Mizuno A, Komori T, Akt regulates skeletal development through GSK3, mTOR, and FoxOs. Dev Biol. 2009 Apr 1;328(1):78-93
1J:124105 Ruiz-Perez VL, Blair HJ, Rodriguez-Andres ME, Blanco MJ, Wilson A, Liu YN, Miles C, Peters H, Goodship JA, Evc is a positive mediator of Ihh-regulated bone growth that localises at the base of chondrocyte cilia. Development. 2007 Aug;134(16):2903-12
1J:61509 Satokata I, Ma L, Ohshima H, Bei M, Woo I, Nishizawa K, Maeda T, Takano Y, Uchiyama M, Heaney S, Peters H, Tang Z, Maxson R, Maas R, Msx2 deficiency in mice causes pleiotropic defects in bone growth and ectodermal organ formation. Nat Genet. 2000 Apr;24(4):391-5
2*J:88955 Schwabe GC, Trepczik B, Suring K, Brieske N, Tucker AS, Sharpe PT, Minami Y, Mundlos S, Ror2 knockout mouse as a model for the developmental pathology of autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome. Dev Dyn. 2004 Feb;229(2):400-10
3*J:71996 Selleri L, Depew MJ, Jacobs Y, Chanda SK, Tsang KY, Cheah KS, Rubenstein JL, O'Gorman S, Cleary ML, Requirement for Pbx1 in skeletal patterning and programming chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Development. 2001 Sep;128(18):3543-57
1*J:83132 Settle SH Jr, Rountree RB, Sinha A, Thacker A, Higgins K, Kingsley DM, Multiple joint and skeletal patterning defects caused by single and double mutations in the mouse Gdf6 and Gdf5 genes. Dev Biol. 2003 Feb 1;254(1):116-30
2J:190524 Shalom-Barak T, Zhang X, Chu T, Timothy Schaiff W, Reddy JK, Xu J, Sadovsky Y, Barak Y, Placental PPARgamma regulates spatiotemporally diverse genes and a unique metabolic network. Dev Biol. 2012 Dec 1;372(1):143-55
2*J:117221 Shibukawa Y, Young B, Wu C, Yamada S, Long F, Pacifici M, Koyama E, Temporomandibular joint formation and condyle growth require Indian hedgehog signaling. Dev Dyn. 2007 Feb;236(2):426-34
1J:238111 Shirokova V, Biggs LC, Jussila M, Ohyama T, Groves AK, Mikkola ML, Foxi3 Deficiency Compromises Hair Follicle Stem Cell Specification and Activation. Stem Cells. 2016 Jul;34(7):1896-908
2J:88817 Smits P, Dy P, Mitra S, Lefebvre V, Sox5 and Sox6 are needed to develop and maintain source, columnar, and hypertrophic chondrocytes in the cartilage growth plate. J Cell Biol. 2004 Mar 1;164(5):747-58
1*J:80666 Smits P, Li P, Mandel J, Zhang Z, Deng JM, Behringer RR, de Croumbrugghe B, Lefebvre V, The transcription factors L-Sox5 and Sox6 are essential for cartilage formation. Dev Cell. 2001 Aug;1(2):277-90
1J:137353 Sohaskey ML, Yu J, Diaz MA, Plaas AH, Harland RM, JAWS coordinates chondrogenesis and synovial joint positioning. Development. 2008 Jul;135(13):2215-20
3J:134924 Spagnoli A, O'Rear L, Chandler RL, Granero-Molto F, Mortlock DP, Gorska AE, Weis JA, Longobardi L, Chytil A, Shimer K, Moses HL, TGF-beta signaling is essential for joint morphogenesis. J Cell Biol. 2007 Jun 18;177(6):1105-17
1J:119030 Spater D, Hill TP, O'sullivan RJ, Gruber M, Conner DA, Hartmann C, Wnt9a signaling is required for joint integrity and regulation of Ihh during chondrogenesis. Development. 2006 Aug;133(15):3039-49
1*J:57297 St-Jacques B, Hammerschmidt M, McMahon AP, Indian hedgehog signaling regulates proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes and is essential for bone formation [published erratum appears in Genes Dev 1999 Oct 1;13(19):2617]. Genes Dev. 1999 Aug 15;13(16):2072-86
2J:53310 Szeto DP, Rodriguez-Esteban C, Ryan AK, O'Connell SM, Liu F, Kioussi C, Gleiberman AS, Izpisua-Belmonte JC, Rosenfeld MG, Role of the Bicoid-related homeodomain factor Pitx1 in specifying hindlimb morphogenesis and pituitary development. Genes Dev. 1999 Feb 15;13(4):484-94
1J:111511 Tavella S, Biticchi R, Schito A, Minina E, Di Martino D, Pagano A, Vortkamp A, Horton WA, Cancedda R, Garofalo S, Targeted expression of SHH affects chondrocyte differentiation, growth plate organization, and Sox9 expression. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Oct;19(10):1678-88
1J:235538 Tomann P, Paus R, Millar SE, Scheidereit C, Schmidt-Ullrich R, Lhx2 is a direct NF-kappaB target gene that promotes primary hair follicle placode down-growth. Development. 2016 May 1;143(9):1512-22
1J:112002 van der Weyden L, Wei L, Luo J, Yang X, Birk DE, Adams DJ, Bradley A, Chen Q, Functional knockout of the matrilin-3 gene causes premature chondrocyte maturation to hypertrophy and increases bone mineral density and osteoarthritis. Am J Pathol. 2006 Aug;169(2):515-27
2*J:54204 Verheijen MH, Karperien M, Chung U, van Wijuen M, Heystek H, Hendriks JA, Veltmaat JM, Lanske B, Li E, Lowik CW, de Laat SW, Kronenberg HM, Defize LH, Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) induces parietal endoderm formation exclusively via the type I PTH/PTHrP receptor. Mech Dev. 1999 Mar;81(1-2):151-61
2J:183539 Voutilainen M, Lindfors PH, Lefebvre S, Ahtiainen L, Fliniaux I, Rysti E, Murtoniemi M, Schneider P, Schmidt-Ullrich R, Mikkola ML, Ectodysplasin regulates hormone-independent mammary ductal morphogenesis via NF-kappaB. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 10;109(15):5744-9
1J:231699 Voutilainen M, Lindfors PH, Trela E, Lonnblad D, Shirokova V, Elo T, Rysti E, Schmidt-Ullrich R, Schneider P, Mikkola ML, Ectodysplasin/NF-kappaB Promotes Mammary Cell Fate via Wnt/beta-catenin Pathway. PLoS Genet. 2015 Nov;11(11):e1005676
1J:48562 Wai AW, Ng LJ, Watanabe H, Yamada Y, Tam PP, Cheah KS, Disrupted expression of matrix genes in the growth plate of the mouse cartilage matrix deficiency (cmd) mutant. Dev Genet. 1998;22(4):349-58
1J:154906 Wang W, Lian N, Li L, Moss HE, Wang W, Perrien DS, Elefteriou F, Yang X, Atf4 regulates chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation during endochondral ossification by activating Ihh transcription. Development. 2009 Dec;136(24):4143-53
2J:113656 Wang Y, Nishida S, Sakata T, Elalieh HZ, Chang W, Halloran BP, Doty SB, Bikle DD, Insulin-like growth factor-I is essential for embryonic bone development. Endocrinology. 2006 Oct;147(10):4753-61
1J:148141 Wu Q, Chen D, Zuscik MJ, O'Keefe RJ, Rosier RN, Overexpression of Smurf2 stimulates endochondral ossification through upregulation of beta-catenin. J Bone Miner Res. 2008 Apr;23(4):552-63
1J:149459 Wuelling M, Kaiser FJ, Buelens LA, Braunholz D, Shivdasani RA, Depping R, Vortkamp A, Trps1, a regulator of chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation, interacts with the activator form of Gli3. Dev Biol. 2009 Apr 1;328(1):40-53
5J:45347 Yamazaki K, Suda N, Kuroda T, Immunohistochemical localization of parathyroid hormone-related protein in developing mouse Meckel's cartilage and mandible. Arch Oral Biol. 1997 Dec;42(12):787-94
4J:60102 Yamazaki K, Suda N, Kuroda T, Distribution of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and type I parathyroid hormone (PTH) PTHrP receptor in developing mouse mandibular condylar cartilage. Arch Oral Biol. 1999 Oct;44(10):853-60
1J:163721 Yang T, Mendoza-Londono R, Lu H, Tao J, Li K, Keller B, Jiang MM, Shah R, Chen Y, Bertin TK, Engin F, Dabovic B, Rifkin DB, Hicks J, Jamrich M, Beaudet AL, Lee B, E-selectin ligand-1 regulates growth plate homeostasis in mice by inhibiting the intracellular processing and secretion of mature TGF-beta. J Clin Invest. 2010 Jul 1;120(7):2474-85
1*J:81355 Yang Y, Topol L, Lee H, Wu J, Wnt5a and Wnt5b exhibit distinct activities in coordinating chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Development. 2003 Mar;130(5):1003-15
1J:221866 Yoshida M, Hata K, Takashima R, Ono K, Nakamura E, Takahata Y, Murakami T, Iseki S, Takano-Yamamoto T, Nishimura R, Yoneda T, The transcription factor Foxc1 is necessary for Ihh-Gli2-regulated endochondral ossification. Nat Commun. 2015;6:6653
1*J:171806 Young B, Minugh-Purvis N, Shimo T, St-Jacques B, Iwamoto M, Enomoto-Iwamoto M, Koyama E, Pacifici M, Indian and sonic hedgehogs regulate synchondrosis growth plate and cranial base development and function. Dev Biol. 2006 Nov 1;299(1):272-82
1J:122558 Yu L, Liu H, Yan M, Yang J, Long F, Muneoka K, Chen Y, Shox2 is required for chondrocyte proliferation and maturation in proximal limb skeleton. Dev Biol. 2007 Jun 15;306(2):549-59
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