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Gene Ontology Classifications
protein kinase C, gamma

Go Annotations as Summary Text (Tabular View) (GO Graph)

GO curators for mouse genes have assigned the following annotations to the gene product of Prkcg. (This text reflects annotations as of Tuesday, May 26, 2015.)
Summary from NCBI RefSeq

[Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine- and threonine-specific protein kinases that can be activated by calcium and second messenger diacylglycerol. PKC family members phosphorylate a wide variety of protein targets and are known to be involved in diverse cellular signaling pathways. PKC also serve as major receptors for phorbol esters, a class of tumor promoters. Each member of the PKC family has a specific expression profile and is believed to play distinct roles in cells. The protein encoded by this gene is one of the PKC family members. This protein kinase is expressed solely in the brain and spinal cord and its localization is restricted to neurons. It has been demonstrated that several neuronal functions, including long term potentiation (LTP) and long term depression (LTD), specifically require this kinase. Knockout studies in mice also suggest that this kinase may be involved in neuropathic pain development. Defects in this protein have been associated with neurodegenerative disorder spinocerebellar ataxia-14 (SCA14). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Summary text based on GO annotations supported by experimental evidence in mouse
Summary text based on GO annotations supported by experimental evidence in other organisms
Summary text based on GO annotations supported by structural data
Summary text for additional MGI annotations
  1. Bowers BJ et al. (2001) Ethanol consumption and behavioral impulsivity are increased in protein kinase Cgamma null mutant mice. J Neurosci, 21:RC180. (PubMed:11606660)
  2. Chen C et al. (1995) Impaired motor coordination correlates with persistent multiple climbing fiber innervation in PKC gamma mutant mice. Cell, 83:1233-42. (PubMed:8548809)
  3. Cogram P et al. (2004) Specific isoforms of protein kinase C are essential for prevention of folate-resistant neural tube defects by inositol. Hum Mol Genet, 13:7-14. (PubMed:14613966)
  4. Ikeda A et al. (2007) Abnormal features in mutant cerebellar Purkinje cells lacking junctophilins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 363:835-9. (PubMed:17904530)
  5. Liang Y et al. (2013) The lymphoid lineage-specific actin-uncapping protein Rltpr is essential for costimulation via CD28 and the development of regulatory T cells. Nat Immunol, 14:858-66. (PubMed:23793062)
  6. Makranz C et al. (2004) Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase-Cgamma and protein kinase-C signal myelin phagocytosis mediated by complement receptor-3 alone and combined with scavenger receptor-AI/II in macrophages. Neurobiol Dis, 15:279-86. (PubMed:15006698)
  7. Malmberg AB et al. (1997) Preserved acute pain and reduced neuropathic pain in mice lacking PKCgamma [see comments] Science, 278:279-83. (PubMed:9323205)
  8. Matsumoto S et al. (2008) Isoflurane inhibits protein kinase Cgamma and calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase ii-alpha translocation to synaptic membranes in ischemic mice brains. Neurochem Res, 33:2302-9. (PubMed:18473171)
  9. Munton RP et al. (2007) Qualitative and quantitative analyses of protein phosphorylation in naive and stimulated mouse synaptosomal preparations. Mol Cell Proteomics, 6:283-93. (PubMed:17114649)
  10. Narita M et al. (2001) Involvement of protein kinase Cgamma isoform in morphine-induced reinforcing effects. Neuroscience, 103:309-14. (PubMed:11246146)
  11. Pauken CM et al. (2000) The expression and stage-specific localization of protein kinase C isotypes during mouse preimplantation development. Dev Biol, 223:411-21. (PubMed:10882525)
  12. Skinner PJ et al. (2001) Altered trafficking of membrane proteins in purkinje cells of SCA1 transgenic mice. Am J Pathol, 159:905-13. (PubMed:11549583)
  13. Zhang L et al. (2012) PKCgamma participates in food entrainment by regulating BMAL1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 109:20679-84. (PubMed:23185022)

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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

  EXP Inferred from experiment
  IAS Inferred from ancestral sequence
  IBA Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
  IBD Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
  IC Inferred by curator
  IDA Inferred from direct assay
  IEA Inferred from electronic annotation
  IGI Inferred from genetic interaction
  IKR Inferred from key residues
  IMP Inferred from mutant phenotype
  IMR Inferred from missing residues
  IPI Inferred from physical interaction
  IRD Inferred from rapid divergence
  ISS Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
  ISO Inferred from sequence orthology
  ISA Inferred from sequence alignment
  ISM Inferred from sequence model
  NAS Non-traceable author statement
  ND No biological data available
  RCA Reviewed computational analysis
  TAS Traceable author statement


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