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Gene Ontology Classifications
Symbol
Name
ID
Dmd
dystrophin, muscular dystrophy
MGI:94909

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Summary from NCBI RefSeq

[Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] The dystrophin gene is the largest gene found in nature, measuring 2.4 Mb. The gene was identified through a positional cloning approach, targeted at the isolation of the gene responsible for Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) Muscular Dystrophies. DMD is a recessive, fatal, X-linked disorder occurring at a frequency of about 1 in 3,500 new-born males. BMD is a milder allelic form. In general, DMD patients carry mutations which cause premature translation termination (nonsense or frame shift mutations), while in BMD patients dystrophin is reduced either in molecular weight (derived from in-frame deletions) or in expression level. The dystrophin gene is highly complex, containing at least eight independent, tissue-specific promoters and two polyA-addition sites. Furthermore, dystrophin RNA is differentially spliced, producing a range of different transcripts, encoding a large set of protein isoforms. Dystrophin (as encoded by the Dp427 transcripts) is a large, rod-like cytoskeletal protein which is found at the inner surface of muscle fibers. Dystrophin is part of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), which bridges the inner cytoskeleton (F-actin) and the extra-cellular matrix. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]



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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

Experimental:
EXP
Inferred from experiment
IDA
Inferred from direct assay
IEP
Inferred from expression pattern
IGI
Inferred from genetic interaction
IMP
Inferred from mutant phenotype
IPI
Inferred from physical interaction
Homology:
IAS
Inferred from ancestral sequence
IBA
Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
IBD
Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
IKR
Inferred from key residues
IMR
Inferred from missing residues
IRD
Inferred from rapid divergence
ISA
Inferred from sequence alignment
ISM
Inferred from sequence model
ISO
Inferred from sequence orthology
ISS
Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Automated:
IEA
Inferred from electronic annotation
RCA
Reviewed computational analysis
Other:
IC
Inferred by curator
NAS
Non-traceable author statement
ND
No biological data available
TAS
Traceable author statement

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Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
07/19/2016
MGI 6.04
The Jackson Laboratory