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Gene Ontology Classifications
Symbol
Name
ID
Apc2
adenomatosis polyposis coli 2
MGI:1346052

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Summary from NCBI RefSeq

[Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a strongly conserved protein that has an N-terminal coiled-coil domain followed by an armadillo domain, five 20-amino acid repeats, and two SAMP domains. This protein promotes the assembly of a multiprotein complex that recruits and phosphorylates the Wnt effector beta-catenin and targets beta-catenin for ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation. This protein therefore plays a role in the reduction of cytoplasmic levels of beta-catenin which in turn reduces activation of Wnt target genes that play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of various human cancers. The protein encoded by this gene is closely related to the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor-suppressor protein and has similar tumor-suppressor effects. This gene also plays a role in actin assembly, cell-cell adhesion, and microtubule network formation through its interaction with cytoskeletal proteins. This gene has its highest expression in the central nervous system and is involved in brain development through cytoskeletal regulation in neurons. Alternative splicing produces multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]



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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

Experimental:
EXP
Inferred from experiment
HMP
Inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
HGI
Inferred from high throughput genetic interaction
HDA
Inferred from high throughput direct assay
HEP
Inferred from high throughput expression pattern
IDA
Inferred from direct assay
IEP
Inferred from expression pattern
IGI
Inferred from genetic interaction
IMP
Inferred from mutant phenotype
IPI
Inferred from physical interaction
Homology:
IAS
Inferred from ancestral sequence
IBA
Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
IBD
Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
IKR
Inferred from key residues
IMR
Inferred from missing residues
IRD
Inferred from rapid divergence
ISA
Inferred from sequence alignment
ISM
Inferred from sequence model
ISO
Inferred from sequence orthology
ISS
Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Automated:
IEA
Inferred from electronic annotation
RCA
Reviewed computational analysis
Other:
IC
Inferred by curator
NAS
Non-traceable author statement
ND
No biological data available
TAS
Traceable author statement

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Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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last database update
07/09/2019
MGI 6.14
The Jackson Laboratory