Automated description from the Alliance of Genome Resources (Release 4.0)
Enables glucokinase activity. Involved in calcium ion import and cellular glucose homeostasis. Acts upstream of or within several processes, including carbohydrate phosphorylation; glucose homeostasis; and positive regulation of insulin secretion. Located in cytosol; mitochondrion; and nucleus. Is expressed in several structures, including alimentary system; brain; genitourinary system; musculoskeletal system; and sensory organ. Used to study familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia 3; hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia; maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 2; and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in artery disease (multiple); familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia 3; and glucose metabolism disease (multiple). Orthologous to human GCK (glucokinase).