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Gene Ontology Classifications
Symbol
Name
ID
Pla2g4a
phospholipase A2, group IVA (cytosolic, calcium-dependent)
MGI:1195256

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Summary from NCBI RefSeq

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phospholipase A2 group IV family. This enzyme hydrolyzes membrane phospholipids, thereby releasing the polyunsaturated fatty acid, arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is further metabolized into eicosanoids such as leukotrienes, thromboxanes and prostaglandins, that play important roles in regulating diverse biological processes such as inflammatory responses, membrane and actin dynamics, and tumorigenesis. A rise in intracellular calcium levels results in binding of calcium to the C2 domain of this protein, and triggers the translocation from the cytosol to intracellular membranes, including the Golgi apparatus. Disruption of this gene in mice led to decreased levels of eicosonaoids and platelet-activating factor, decreased allergic symptoms, and impaired reproductive ability in females. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2015]



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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

Experimental:
EXP
Inferred from experiment
IDA
Inferred from direct assay
IEP
Inferred from expression pattern
IGI
Inferred from genetic interaction
IMP
Inferred from mutant phenotype
IPI
Inferred from physical interaction
Homology:
IAS
Inferred from ancestral sequence
IBA
Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
IBD
Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
IKR
Inferred from key residues
IMR
Inferred from missing residues
IRD
Inferred from rapid divergence
ISA
Inferred from sequence alignment
ISM
Inferred from sequence model
ISO
Inferred from sequence orthology
ISS
Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Automated:
IEA
Inferred from electronic annotation
RCA
Reviewed computational analysis
Other:
IC
Inferred by curator
NAS
Non-traceable author statement
ND
No biological data available
TAS
Traceable author statement

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Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
10/10/2017
MGI 6.10
The Jackson Laboratory