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Gene Ontology Classifications
Symbol
Name
ID
Cst3
cystatin C
MGI:102519

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Summary from NCBI RefSeq

[Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions, where they appear to provide protective functions. The cystatin locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes the most abundant extracellular inhibitor of cysteine proteases, which is found in high concentrations in biological fluids and is expressed in virtually all organs of the body. A mutation in this gene has been associated with amyloid angiopathy. Expression of this protein in vascular wall smooth muscle cells is severely reduced in both atherosclerotic and aneurysmal aortic lesions, establishing its role in vascular disease. In addition, this protein has been shown to have an antimicrobial function, inhibiting the replication of herpes simplex virus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding a single protein. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2014]



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Gene Ontology Evidence Code Abbreviations:

Experimental:
EXP
Inferred from experiment
IDA
Inferred from direct assay
IEP
Inferred from expression pattern
IGI
Inferred from genetic interaction
IMP
Inferred from mutant phenotype
IPI
Inferred from physical interaction
Homology:
IAS
Inferred from ancestral sequence
IBA
Inferred from biological aspect of ancestor
IBD
Inferred from biological aspect of descendant
IKR
Inferred from key residues
IMR
Inferred from missing residues
IRD
Inferred from rapid divergence
ISA
Inferred from sequence alignment
ISM
Inferred from sequence model
ISO
Inferred from sequence orthology
ISS
Inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Automated:
IEA
Inferred from electronic annotation
RCA
Reviewed computational analysis
Other:
IC
Inferred by curator
NAS
Non-traceable author statement
ND
No biological data available
TAS
Traceable author statement

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Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
09/27/2016
MGI 6.05
The Jackson Laboratory