Mouse Genome Informatics
hm
    Efna5tm1Ddmo/Efna5tm1Ddmo
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ
Key:
phenotype observed in females WTSI Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
phenotype observed in males EuPh Europhenome
N normal phenotype
       
mortality/aging
• most null mice with craniofacial malformations die shortly after birth
• mice with less severe craniofacial defects survive longer

craniofacial
• null mice sometimes exhibit cleft nose and palate

nervous system
• 17% of null mice display neural tube defects caused by the failure of the neural folds to fuse in the dorsal midline
• failure to close the cranial neural tube
• although the neural folds become juxtaposed in the dorsal midline, they fail to fuse in some embryos and continued cell proliferation leads to eversion of the neural folds
• most null mice with craniofacial malformations lack a brain
• although arborization of nasal axons is normal, more anterior arborization is also seen
• some null mice display anencephaly

digestive/alimentary system
• null mice sometimes exhibit cleft nose and palate

embryogenesis
• cells from the edges of the cranial neural folds showed a significant decrease in adhesion to Epha7 coated dishes compared to wild-type cells
• 17% of null mice display neural tube defects caused by the failure of the neural folds to fuse in the dorsal midline
• failure to close the cranial neural tube
• although the neural folds become juxtaposed in the dorsal midline, they fail to fuse in some embryos and continued cell proliferation leads to eversion of the neural folds

growth/size
• null mice sometimes exhibit cleft nose and palate

Mouse Models of Human Disease
OMIM IDRef(s)
Anencephaly 206500 J:77779