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Transgene Detail
Symbol: Tg(HDexon1)62Gpb
Name: transgene insertion 62, Gillian Bates
MGI ID: MGI:2386951
Synonyms: R6/2, R6/2B, Tg(HDexon1)62nGpb
Transgene: Tg(HDexon1)62Gpb  Location: unknown  Genetic Position: Chr4, Syntenic
Strain of Origin:  CBA x C57BL/6
Transgene Type:    Transgenic (Humanized sequence, Inserted expressed sequence)
Mutation:    Insertion
Tg(HDexon1)62Gpb expresses 1 gene
Mutation detailsA human HD fragment containing a polyglutamine-repeat expansion was isolated from a clone derived from a patient with Huntington's disease. The transgene contained approximately 1 kb of 5' UTR region, exon 1 which initially contained 142 CAG repeats, and 262 bp of intron 1. Subsequent analysis showed that the number of CAG repeats was prone to increase when inherited through the male line due to instability in the germline. A range of 141 to 157 was observed. On a background that involves C57BL/6 and CBA, transgenic mice have been observed to carry >(CAG)200 repeat expansions. The insertion site has been localized to a position on mouse chromosome 4 in an intron of predicted gene GM12695. The transgene is ubiquitously expressed. (J:36689, J:181024)
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Carrying this Mutation:  Mouse Strains: 12 strains available      Cell Lines: 0 lines available
Transgenic mice exhibit a progressive neurological phenotype that mimics many of the features of HD. Onset of phenotype is apparent from approximately 8 weeks of age based on home cage behavior. Some functional tests indicate the presence of a motor impairment from 5-6 weeks and cognitive impairment from 3 weeks. Epileptic seizures are seen in a small percentage of transgenic mice. A failure to gain weight is more pronounced in males than females. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies raised against the N-terminus of huntingtin reveals aggregates in the form of intranuclear inclusions and neuropil aggregates.

Transgenic mice on a background that involves C57BL/6 and CBA display a progressive neurological phenotype that mimics many of the features of Huntington Disease in humans, including choreiform-like movements, involuntary stereotypic movements, tremor, and epileptic seizures, as well as nonmovement disorder components, including unusual vocalization. Frequent urination, loss of body weight and muscle bulk occurs through the course of the disease. Neurological developments include Neuronal Intranuclear Inclusions (NII), which contain both the huntingtin and ubiquitin proteins (NII have subsequently been identified in human HD patients); the onset of HD symptoms occurs between 9 and 11 weeks.

Original:  J:36689 Mangiarini L, et al., Exon 1 of the HD gene with an expanded CAG repeat is sufficient to cause a progressive neurological phenotype in transgenic mice. Cell. 1996 Nov 1;87(3):493-506
All:  420 reference(s)

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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MGI 6.17
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