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Tpnr1C57BL/6J
QTL Variant Detail
Nomenclature
QTL variant: Tpnr1C57BL/6J
Name: thermal pain response 1; C57BL/6J
MGI ID: MGI:2155914
QTL: Tpnr1  Location: Chr4:142504302-142504390 bp  Genetic Position: Chr4, cM position of peak correlated region/allele: 75.67 cM
QTL Note: genome coordinates based on the marker associated with the peak LOD score
Variant
origin
Strain of Specimen:  C57BL/6J
Variant
description
Allele Type:    QTL
Mutation:    Undefined
    This allele confers increased pain sensitivity in male animals compared to DBA/2J. (J:40544)
Inheritance:    Dominant
Phenotypes
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View phenotypes and curated references for all genotypes (concatenated display).
Notes

Mapping and Phenotype information for this QTL, its variants and associated markers

J:40544

A mapping study was carried out to identify QTLs involved in pain response in the absence of analgesic. An initial screen was conducted on 24 BXD RI strains using over 1200 microsatellite markers. Candidate loci were subjected to secondary screening using 55 animals from a (C56BL/6J x DBA/2J)F2 intercross. C57BL/6J displays higher sensitivity to pain (i.e., lower hot plate (HP) latency), compared to DBA/2J. The C57BL/6J low HP latency phenotype is inherited in a dominant fashion as (C57BL/6J x DBA/2J)F1 animals exhibit HP latencies similar to C57BL/6J. QTL analysis identified 6 putative loci (data not shown), one of which maps to a candidate gene-rich region of chromosome 4 (50cM-80cM) in linkage with D4Mit13 (in F2 animals) and D4Ncvs63 (in RI strains).This locus, Tpnr1 (thermal pain response 1) appears to be sex-specific in its association with pain response in male animals. The authors investigated the possible role of a candidate gene in the mapped region of chromosome 4, Oprd1 (murine delta-opiod receptor), in pain response. Injection of animals with delta-opiod-specific agonsists affected HP latencies in a strain and sex-specific manner, which suggests Oprd1 may be the QTL, Tpnr1, involved in pain response.

References
Original:  J:40544 Mogil JS, et al., Genetic sensitivity to hot-plate nociception in DBA/2J and C57BL/6J inbred mouse strains: possible sex-specific mediation by delta2-opioid receptors. Pain. 1997 Apr;70(2-3):267-77
All:  1 reference(s)

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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last database update
02/18/2020
MGI 6.14
The Jackson Laboratory