Gene: 565Name: Capn7Family: ProteaseSubfamily: CysteineAccession: NM_009796GI: 6753257

Gene 565
Summary of Phenotypic Analysis

Changes related to genotype:

         Densitometry:  Total tissue mass was lower in homozygous mutant mice.
Behavior:  Heterozygous mutant mice exhibited a significant increase in thermal response latency during hot plate testing.

There were no other significant differences detected in the heterozygous mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

ES cells derived from the 129/OlaHsd mouse substrain were used to generate chimeric mice. F1 mice were generated by breeding with C57BL/6 females. F2 mutant mice were produced by intercrossing F1 heterozygous males and females.

Wild-type control mice, heterozygous and homozygous mutant mice were evaluated by the following examinations or tests:

When compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice, the single homozygous mutant male mouse that survived to 49 days and all homozygous mutant female mice had lower body weights. Similarly, the three homozygous mutant female mice had a lower total tissue mass.

Gene 565
Behavior

Heterozygous mutant and wild-type control mice were evaluated for phenotypic changes by testing on seven behavioral tasks: Open field test, Tail suspension test, Rotarod test, Startle response/PPI test, Tail flick test, Hot plate test, and Metrazol test.

Mouse ID numbers are as follows for the N1 generation:
10 heterozygous mutant males (331961, 331962, 331964, 347641, 347642, 358756, 358757, 361135, 361136, 361137)
27 wild-type control males (331274, 331535, 331558, 331960, 332222, 332893, 333177, 334863, 335578, 336109, 340573, 341979, 345830, 347530, 357191, 358493, 359024, 360601, 360904, 361134, 362208, 363102, 363936, 363992, 364153, 364473, 365277)

ES cells derived from the 129/OlaHsd mouse substrain were used to generate chimeric mice.  F1 mice were generated by breeding with C57BL/6 females. The resultant F1N0 heterozygotes were backcrossed to C57BL/6 mice to generate F1N1 heterozygotes.  F2N1 heterozygous mutant mice were produced by intercrossing F1N1 heterozygous males and females.

Behavior Findings:
When compared to age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice, heterozygous mutant mice exhibited a significantly increased latency to lick a hindpaw or jump during hot plate testing, indicating a possible increased pain threshold phenotype.

There were no other genotype-related differences noted between heterozygous mutant and wild-type control mice for any other parameters evaluated during behavior testing.

Gene 565
Expression Summary

Taqman Summary:
The highest levels of RNA transcripts are detectable in ovary. 

Moderate levels of RNA transcripts are detectable in all other tissues analyzed: whole brain, cortex, subcortical region, cerebellum, brainstem, olfactory bulb, spinal cord, eye, Harderian glands, heart, lung, liver, pancreas, kidney, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, bone marrow, skin, gallbladder, urinary bladder, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, salivary gland, skeletal muscle, tongue, stomach, small intestine, cecum, colon, testis, epididymis, seminal vesicle, coagulating gland, prostate gland, uterus and white fat.

LacZ Summary:
LacZ expression was detected in almost all tissues and organs examined.  In most organs, staining was observed in blood vessels.

LacZ expression was detected in:  brain, spinal cord, sciatic nerve, eyes, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, aorta, heart, lung, liver, pancreas, kidney, urinary bladder, thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal glands, skeletal muscle, skin, testis, prostate gland, ovary and uterus.

LacZ expression was not detected in bone marrow.

 

 

Gene 565
Densitometry

Changes related to genotype:

There were no significant differences detected in the heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

The following mice were evaluated by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
3 homozygous mutant females (261117, 261119, 267737)
2 homozygous mutant males (267736, 387213)
4 heterozygous mutant females (257687, 300938, 300940, 304803)
3 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933, 300934)
2 wild-type control females (257686, 259342)
2 wild-type control males (257678, 257679)

Bone Mineral Density (BMD in g/cm2 ), fat % (fat percent expressed as a percentage of body soft tissue compartment), and R-value of soft tissue were calculated from Bone Mineral Content (BMC in g), bone and tissue areas (cm2 ), and total tissue mass (g) generated by a PIXImus densitometer.

Densitometric Findings:

When compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice, the single homozygous mutant male mouse (267736) and all three homozygous mutant females (261117, 261119, 267737)  had a decreased total tissue mass. Incidental densitometric differences were present between some mice. These findings were considered to represent background differences occasionally seen in this strain of mice, differences due to spontaneous disease, age-related differences, and/or differences of a nonspecific etiology. They were not considered to be genotype related.

Gene 565
Histopathology

There were no significant differences detected in the homozygous and heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

Tissues from the following mice were evaluated histologically. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
3 homozygous mutant females (261117, 261119, 267737)
2 homozygous mutant males (267736, 387213)
4 heterozygous mutant females (257687, 300938, 300940, 304803)
3 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933, 300934)
2 wild-type control females (257686, 259342)
3 wild-type control males (257678, 257679, 387214)

Histopathology Findings:

The following tissues were examined and considered to have no genotype-related abnormality: brain, pituitary gland, ears, nasal cavity, salivary glands, oral cavity, lymph nodes, aorta, lungs, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, urinary bladder, stomach, small and large intestines, larynx, esophagus, trachea, thyroid gland, thymus gland, tongue, skeletal muscle, sciatic nerve, mammary glands, vertebrae, spinal cord, bone (skull, sternum, femur, tibia, and stifle joint), reproductive tract (including gonads), eyes, Harderian glands, integumentary system (skin and either clitoral or preputial glands), and bone marrow.

Bone marrow was examined in sections of sternum, vertebrae, and/or femur and tibia. Marrow cellularity, myeloid:erythroid (M:E) ratio, myeloid and erythroid maturation sequences, and numbers of megakaryocytes were evaluated.

The single homozygous mutant male mouse (267736) that survived to 49 days was severely underweight. This mouse had generalised and most likely a secondary lymphoid atrophy in the lymph nodes, thymus bone marrow and spleen, together with adipose tissue and epiphyseal atrophy. The testes in this animal had hypospermatogenesis, the epididymis had oligospermia and the preputial glands were atrophic. Other incidental lesions were present in the tissues of this and other mice. These findings are considered to represent background lesions occasionally seen in this strain of mice, lesions due to spontaneous disease, age-related lesions, and/or lesions of a nonspecific secondary etiology. They are not considered to be directly genotype related.

Gene 565
Necropsy 

Changes related to genotype:

There were no significant differences detected in the heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

The following mice were necropsied. Body weight, body length, and organ weights were obtained, and gross pathological findings were recorded. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
3 homozygous mutant females (261117, 261119, 267737)
2 homozygous mutant males (267736, 387213)
4 heterozygous mutant females (257687, 300938, 300940, 304803)
3 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933, 300934)
2 wild-type control females (257686, 259342)
3 wild-type control males (257678, 257679, 387214)

Mice were examined for the following observables: adrenal glands, body length, body weight, bone marrow, bone - cranium, bone - femur, bone - sternum, bone - stifle joint, bone - vertebral column, brain, cecum, colon, duodenum, epididymis - seminal vesicle, esophagus, eyes, gallbladder, general appearance, Harderian glands, heart, heart weight, ileum, jejunum, kidney weight, kidneys, liver, liver weight, lungs, lymph nodes, mesentery, ovaries, pancreas, penis, salivary glands, sciatic nerve, scrotum, skeletal muscle, skin, skinned mouse, spleen, spleen weight, stomach, testes, testes - epididymis weight, thymus, thymus weight, tongue, trachea, urinary bladder, urine, uterus, and vagina. (Gender-specific observables apply to the appropriate gender.)

Necropsy Findings:

There were no genotype-related or biologically significant differences noted between mutant and wild-type control mice for any of the parameters evaluated at necropsy. A single male mutant homozygous mouse (267736) was observed to have decreased subcutaneous fat. Other incidental lesions were present in some tissues. These findings were considered to represent background lesions occasionally seen in this strain of mice, lesions due to spontaneous disease, age-related lesions, and/or lesions of a nonspecific etiology. They were not considered to be related to genotype.

Body and Organ Weight Findings:

When compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice, the single homozygous mutant male mouse (267736), that survived to 49 days was severely underweight. The three homozygous mutant female mice (261117, 261119, 267737) also had a lower body weight. Other differences in body length, body weight, organ weights, and/or organ weight to body weight ratios were present between individual mice. The variability between mice usually fell within our historical reference ranges and was not correlated with genotype.

Gene 565
Clinical Chemistry

There were no significant differences in the homozygous or heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

Serum samples from the following mice were evaluated by a clinical chemistry panel. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
1 homozygous mutant female (261117)
1 homozygous mutant male (387213)
3 heterozygous mutant females (257687, 300940, 316249)
2 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933)
2 wild-type control females (257686, 259342)
3 wild-type control males (257678, 257679, 257680)

Values for the various analytes evaluated were generally similar between homozygous or heterozygous mutant and wild-type control mice. Although variations in clinical chemistry values were present in some mice, they were not related to genotype and, thus, were not considered phenotypically relevant.

Gene 565
Hematology

There were no significant differences in the homozygous or heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

Blood samples from the following mice were evaluated by a complete blood count and differential cell count. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
2 homozygous mutant females (261119, 267737)
2 homozygous mutant males (267736, 387213)
3 heterozygous mutant females (300940, 304803, 316235)
3 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933, 300934)
2 wild-type control females (259342, 267741)
3 wild-type control males (257678, 257679, 257680)

When compared to age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice one male knockout mouse (267736) had a decreased White Cell Count with an increase in the percentage of neutrophils and a corresponding decrease in the percentage of lymphocytes in the Differential Cell Count.  Other minor variations of hematological values were present in some mice, these changes were not related to genotype and, thus, were not considered phenotypically relevant.

Gene 565
Physical Examination

There were no significant differences detected in the homozygous and heterozygous mutant mice when compared with age- and gender-matched wild-type control mice.

The following mice were evaluated by physical examination. The data are compiled from the F2N0 and F2N1 generations.

49 Day Cohort Mouse ID numbers are as follows:
3 homozygous mutant females (261117, 261119, 267737)
2 homozygous mutant males (267736, 387213)
4 heterozygous mutant females (257687, 300938, 300940, 304803)
3 heterozygous mutant males (259337, 300933, 300934)
2 wild-type control females (257686, 259342)
2 wild-type control males (257678, 257679)

Mice were examined in detail as follows: anus, behavior, body shape, claws, coat - fur, coat color - back, coat color - belly, ear - left, ear - right, eye - left, eye - right, eye color - left, eye color - right, feces, forelimb - left, forelimb - right, forelimb number of amputated digits - left, forelimb number of amputated digits - right, forelimb number of digits - left, forelimb number of digits - right, general appearance, genitals - female, genitals - male, hair type, head shape, hindlimb - left, hindlimb - right, hindlimb number of amputated digits - left, hindlimb number of amputated digits - right, hindlimb number of digits - left, hindlimb number of digits - right, injuries, lesions, limb shape, locomotor, lumps - masses, mammary glands, mice in cage, respiration, skin appearance, snout, swelling - joints, tail, teeth color, teeth length, urine, and whiskers. (Gender-specific observables apply to the appropriate gender.)

Individual homozygous and heterozygous mutant mice had only occasional minor differences in observed physical features compared to wild-type control mice. These findings are considered to represent individual variability, background features occasionally seen in this strain of mice, findings due to spontaneous disease, age-related findings, and/or findings of a nonspecific etiology. However, none of these differences was regarded as biologically significant or genotype related.