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Phenotypes Associated with This Genotype
Genotype
MGI:5442379
Allelic
Composition
Npc1m1N/Npc1m1N
Tg(PRNP-APPSweInd)8Dwst/0
Genetic
Background
involves: BALB/c * C3H/HeJ * C57BL/6J
Find Mice Using the International Mouse Strain Resource (IMSR)
Mouse lines carrying:
Npc1m1N mutation (2 available); any Npc1 mutation (40 available)
Tg(PRNP-APPSweInd)8Dwst mutation (0 available)
phenotype observed in females
phenotype observed in males
N normal phenotype
mortality/aging
• mutants have a maximum lifespan of 77 days, with mortality rate increasing drastically from 55 days onward
• mutants treated with 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (2-HPC) at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation live significantly longer than saline-injected mutants, with a median survival of 103 days versus 69 days

growth/size/body
• mutants reach a maximum body weight of approximately 12 grams by 6 weeks of age which is about 30% less compared to controls
• weight declines progressively after 6 weeks of age until death

behavior/neurological
• mutants exhibit deficits in object memory index at 7 and 10 weeks of age; object recognition memory deficits are accelerated compared to single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show significant improvement in cognitive performance
• mutants exhibit impaired rotarod performance and gait coordination at 7 weeks of age which is further exacerbated by 10 weeks of age
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show significant improvement in motor performance
• mutants exhibit reduced locomotor activity and increased periods of inactivity in open-field tests at both 7 and 10 weeks of age
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show significant improvement in motor performance

nervous system
• mutants exhibit microglial activation in the hippocampus and cerebellum at a higher level than in single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show lower microglia activation compared to saline-injected mutants
• mutants exhibit intracellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in the hippocampus and cerebellum at 4, 7, and 10 weeks of age
• however total cholesterol content in the hippocampus and cerebellum is not altered compared with controls
• mutants exhibit a profound increase in the number and activation of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-labeled astrocytes in the hippocampus and cerebellum compared with wild-type, single Tg(PRNP-APPSweInd)8Dwst mutants, and single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show decreased astrocyte activation compared to saline-injected mutants
• neurodgeneration in the cerebellum is accelerated compared to single Npc1 homozygotes
• decrease in the number of cerebellar Purkinje cells that is more pronounced than in single Npc1 homozygotes
• however neuronal loss in the hippocampus is not seen
• mutants exhibit a loss of myelin fibre tracts in the hippocampus/cortex and cerebellum, indicating significant demyelination; demyelination is more severe than in single Npc1 homozygotes

hematopoietic system
• mutants exhibit microglial activation in the hippocampus and cerebellum at a higher level than in single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show lower microglia activation compared to saline-injected mutants

homeostasis/metabolism
• cathepsin D levels are higher in the hippocampus and the cerebellum than in controls, including single Npc1 homozygotes
• cytosolic cathepsin D, cytochrome c and Bcl-2-associated X protein levels are increased in the cerebellum to a higher level than in single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants exhibit intracellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in the hippocampus and cerebellum at 4, 7, and 10 weeks of age
• however total cholesterol content in the hippocampus and cerebellum is not altered compared with controls
• cathepsin D activity is higher in the hippocampus and the cerebellum than in controls, including single Npc1 homozygotes

immune system
• mutants exhibit microglial activation in the hippocampus and cerebellum at a higher level than in single Npc1 homozygotes
• mutants treated with 2-HPC at P7 to lower cholesterol accumulation show lower microglia activation compared to saline-injected mutants


Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO), MouseCyc
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last database update
09/20/2016
MGI 6.05
The Jackson Laboratory