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Etohc1C57BL/6J
QTL Variant Detail
Nomenclature
QTL variant: Etohc1C57BL/6J
Name: ethanol consumption 1; C57BL/6J
MGI ID: MGI:2155059
QTL: Etohc1  Location: Chr2:38239713-38239859 bp  Genetic Position: Chr2, cM position of peak correlated region/allele: 24.26 cM
QTL Note: genome coordinates based on the marker associated with the peak LOD score
Variant
origin
Strain of Specimen:  C57BL/6J
Variant
description
Allele Type:    QTL
Mutation:    Undefined
    This allele confers increased alcohol consumption compared to DBA/2J. (J:52468)
Inheritance:    Other (see notes)
Phenotypes
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View phenotypes and curated references for all genotypes (concatenated display).
Notes
Etohc1 exhibits additive inheritance.

Candidate Genes

J:99482

Several alcohol preference QTL map to proximal mouse Chromosome 2 including Alcp1 (47.5 cM), Ap2q (34 cM), Etohc1 (28 cM), and Etohc2 (50 cM). This study investigates Stxbp1 as a candidate gene for the chromosome 2 alcohol-associated locus.

Alcohol preferring inbred strain C57BL/6J and alcohol avoiding inbred strain DBA/2J differ at nucleotide 646 of the Stxbp1 sequence. G646A is a non-conservative change in the Stxbp1 coding sequence resulting in the absence of a turn/turn motif in the C57BL/6J allele.

Analysis of 23 BXD RI strains shows correlation of the Stxbp1 polymorphism to alcohol consumption, acute alcohol withdrawal severity, and alcohol-induced conditioned taste aversion. This observation was confirmed in 3 other experiments.

1) Stxbp1 genotype was established for 86 (C57BL/6J x DBA/2J)F2 animals. F2 homozygotes for C57BL/6J-derived Stxbp1 alleles display 2X increased alcohol consumption compared to heterozygotes, and 3.5X increased alcohol consumption compared to F2 DBA/2J homozygotes (P=0.001).The effect of the C57BL/6J-derived Stxbp1 allele appears to be additive.

2) Fourth generation phenotype-selection lines derived from C57BL/6J and DBA/2J progenitors were assessed for allele frequencies at Stxbp1. The low alcohol preferring selection line STDRLO showed significant enrichment for DBA/2J-derived Stxbp1 alleles compared to the high alcohol preferring selection line STDRHI (P<0.0001).

3) Stxbp1 genotype and alcohol consumption was analyzed in 15 inbred strains. Ten inbred strains carrying C57BL/6J-like Stxbp1 allele tend to consume more alcohol compared to the five inbred strains carrying DBA/2J-like Stxbp1 alleles. The difference in alcohol consumption did not reach statistical significant but supports the hypothesis that Stxbp1 is a candidate gene for alcohol preference traits.

J:110030

Candidate genes for alcohol traits were identified using gene expression analysis. Total brain RNA from 70-90 day old male mice were hybridized to DNA microarrays to detect expression differences between high and low alcohol preference selection lines (HAP and LAP, respectively) and high and low tolerance selection lines (HAFT and LAFT, respectively). All selection lines were derived from HS/Ibg and were between 19 to 24 generations of selective breeding. Candidate genes mapping to previously identified expression and behavior QTL intervals are described below. Candidate genes were also confirmed using strain distribution patterns from 30 BXD (C=C57BL/6J; D=DBA/2J) recombinant inbred (RI) strains.

Kif5c (32.5 cM) on mouse Chromosome 2 exhibits differential expression between high and low acute functional tolerance strains in the BXD RI set. This gene maps near previously identified alcohol preference QTLs Alcp1 (47.5 cM), Ap2q (34 cM), Etohc1 (28 cM), Etohc2 (50 cM), and Alpq2 (45 cM).

Gstm1 (108.39 Mb) on mouse Chromosome 3 is more highly expressed in high alcohol preferring lines compared to low alcohol preferring lines. D3Ertd254e (aka LOC241944) at 19 cM exhibits differential expression between high and low acute functional tolerance strains in theBXD RI set. This gene maps near a previously identified locus at D3Pas1 (22.7 cM) associated with basal cAMP signaling.

Gnb1 at 79.4 cM (153.38 Mb) on mouse Chromosome 4 is more highly expressed in low alcohol preference lines compared to high alcohol preference lines (LOD=17.13). This gene maps near previously identified alcohol preference QTL Ap3q at 81 cM.

Evi5 (56 cM ) and Pdap1 on mouse Chromosome 5 exhibits differential expression between high and low acute functional tolerance strains in the BXDRI set. These genes map near a locus at D5Mit201 (44 cM) suggestively linked to alcohol preference.

On mouse Chromosome 9, 4930422I07Rik (88.99 Mb), D930028F11Rik (expressed sequence C130036J11; 48.5 Mb), and Mthfs (130.69 Mb) are more highly expressedin high alcohol preference lines compared to low alcohol preference lines (LOD=7.46, 9.5, and 7.16, respectively). Hyou1 (44.48 Mb) is more highly expressed in low alcohol preference lines compared to high alcohol preference lines (LOD=4.18). Hyou1 and D930028F11Rik map to the Alpq3 (alcohol preference QTL 3) interval (17 cM - 53 cM).

Flnb on mouse Chromosome 14 exhibits differential expression between high and low acute functional tolerance strains in the BXD RI set. This gene maps near a previously identified QTL at D14Byu1 (o.5 cM) associated with basal and forskolin-induced cAMP signaling.

Brd2 at 18.5 cM (31.81 Mb) on mouse Chromosome 17 is more highly expressed in high alcohol preferring lines compared to low alcohol preferring lines (LOD=3.93).

Galnt1 (24.43 Mb) on mouse Chromosome 18 is more highly expressed in high alcohol preference lines compared to low alcohol preference lines (LOD=2.93).

Tbl1x (30.9 cM) on mouse Chromosome X exhibits differential expression between high and low acute functional tolerance strains in the BXD RI set.

Mapping and Phenotype information for this QTL, its variants and associated markers

J:52468

B6D2F2 (C57BL/6J x DBA/2J) and BXD Recombinant Inbred (RI) stains were analyzed to discover QTLs that affect ethanol consumption in mice. Regions on mouse Chromosome 2 and mouse Chromosome 9 showed significant associations with a preference for ethanol.Mouse Chromosome 2 marker D2Mit7 showed a significant association with the phenotype with a combined LOD score of 2.8. The Chromosome 2 QTL is designated as Etohc1. A second QTL was associated with D2Mit14a and designated as Etohc2 with a combined LOD score of 3.3.

References
Original:  J:52468 Phillips TJ, et al., Genes on mouse chromosomes 2 and 9 determine variation in ethanol consumption. Mamm Genome. 1998 Dec;9(12):936-41
All:  1 reference(s)

Contributing Projects:
Mouse Genome Database (MGD), Gene Expression Database (GXD), Mouse Models of Human Cancer database (MMHCdb) (formerly Mouse Tumor Biology (MTB), Gene Ontology (GO)
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last database update
02/16/2021
MGI 6.16
The Jackson Laboratory